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Early US History Week 3 Notes

by: Madison Greer

Early US History Week 3 Notes HI 1063

Marketplace > Mississippi State University > HI 1063 > Early US History Week 3 Notes
Madison Greer

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About this Document

These are notes from week 3.
Early US History
Peter Messer
Class Notes
Early, us, history, Indians, england, trade
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Greer on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HI 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Peter Messer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.


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Date Created: 09/02/16
8/30/16­ 9/1/16 US History • Review­ England  ­ nation state ­ merchant classes ­ Protestant ­ demography • England Overseas ­ Mediterranean  • cant conquer people • learn language • hide religion • John Smith ­ captured ­ enslaved ­ Ireland • local Irish nobility pledge allegiance to English crown • conquest/war • Catholic • English bring in settlers  ­ creates model settlement  ­ from southern Scotland and northern England • Scots­Irish ­ Richard Hakluyt • move poor, starving people to the Americas • give them a better life ­ will then buy things they need from England ­ Francis Drake (1578­1580) • pirate­ steals Spanish gold • ends up in Panama, meets mixed­race people that hate the Spanish  ­ eager to help English 8/30/16­ 9/1/16 US History • Chesapeake Colonies ­ Roanoke: 1584, 1586, 1587 •  Arthur Barlow ­ Manteo and Wanchese • kidnapped Indians ­ Ralph Lane • military • wants neighboring Indians to help him • 1586­ complete failure • 1587­ saved by Sir Francis Drake • 1588­ Spanish Armada • English embargo White returns and Roanoke has vanished ­ Jamestown • first “successful” English colony • organization ­ funded by selling shares to the public ­ looking for valuables (gold, diamonds, crops, etc.) ­ religion­ potentially convert Indians ­ patriotic­ extend British power of the world • settlers ­ people to do all different jobs ­ second sons • noble fathers encourage their 2nd sons to get involved in politics OR  spread British power • Indians ­ Powhatan  • started a somewhat empire 8/30/16­ 9/1/16 US History ­ conquest ­ strategic marriage A. his daughter marries a rival power A. loyal to mother’s family ­ prestige trade routes B. takes over as many as possible ­ Pacquiquieno  • kidnapped by Spanish (1570) • once free, tells his people about all different things the Spanish have • attempts trade, fails, kills Spanish • struggles ­ built in swamp • brackish water (salt and fresh water mixed) • sewage in water  • cause disease • no food ­ John Smith • basically takes over  • meets Indians (friendly; Powhatan) ­ Indians give him food ­ Indians want guns ­ John Smith says no • Pocahontas  ­ daughter of Powhatan  ­ Potomac Indians kidnap her and sell her to the English • Powhatan doesn't care • Powhatan finally agrees to Pocahontas can marry an Englishman (John  Rolfe) • Jamestown (again) 8/30/16­ 9/1/16 US History ­ reform (1618­ 1621) • political  • economic ­ tobacco (1619) • BOOM • people can now make money • Indian Wars ­ Openchancanough (1622) • Powhatan’s brother ­ 1644­1646 • New England  ­ Puritans  • not being displaced, have land and property, trade and manufacturing • religion vision and social vision begin to overlap ­ covenant theology • covenant of grace ­ God gives grace to those who are saved ­ predestination  • covenant of works ­ do good works, you will be rewarded • The National Covenant ­ pledge to honor both covenants ­ covenant is broken, God’s wrath (drought, famine, locusts, etc) ­ Plymouth­ starts good relations with the Indians • Pilgrims (1619­1620) ­ go to Holland (too Dutch so they leave) ­ end up on Mayflower and end up in Cape Cod ­ much like Chesapeake, they starve ­ but they quickly become a stable, growing, community 8/30/16­ 9/1/16 US History ­ Massachusetts Bay (1629)­ start with good relations with Indians • City on a Hill (Winthrop) • separatists • Indians in New England ­ Wampanoag ­ Narraganset ­ Pequot ­ Massachusett ­ settlers introduce new European diseases • hits Indians near sea first ­ Squanto is kidnapped  • New England  ­ climate • cold • helps with spread of disease • hard to grow valuable crops in the cold  ­ no tobacco, no sugar, no rice, etc ­ immigrants • middle class ­ government  • “democratic” component of Puritanism ­ economy • fishing­ very dangerous • cutting down trees­ very dangerous • farming­ do this instead of fishing and logging • functions by massive waves of immigrants ­ immigrants flee to New England from England because of religious  persecution  ­ communities  8/30/16­ 9/1/16 US History • towns ­ have a minister  ­ enough people with money ­ enough laborers • church ­ center of town ­ people MUST go to church  • not all people who go to church are church members ­ church members are saved ­ non­church members don't vote • families ­ everyone is part of a family • order and hierarchy • New England Town ­ everyone lives in town • town ruled by church and townhouse ­ geographic representation of social order • Problems ­ dissent  • Roger Williams  ­ founded colony of Rhode Island ­ individual conscience between you and God  • Anne Hutchinson ­ middle class ­ saved ­ basically says the Protestants are Catholic  ­ has weekly meetings where she preaches to women (and some men) ­ accused of violating secular laws and the scriptures of women preaching  ­ sent to Rhode Island 8/30/16­ 9/1/16 US History ­ Connecticut , New Haven  • Pequot War: 1634­1638 ­ not killed off by disease ­ Pequot­English trade dispute • Pequot Fort: 1673 ­ Fort Mystic ­ massacre


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