Early US History Week 3 Notes
Early US History Week 3 Notes HI 1063
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Greer on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HI 1063 at Mississippi State University taught by Peter Messer in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
8/30/16 9/1/16 US History • Review England nation state merchant classes Protestant demography • England Overseas Mediterranean • cant conquer people • learn language • hide religion • John Smith captured enslaved Ireland • local Irish nobility pledge allegiance to English crown • conquest/war • Catholic • English bring in settlers creates model settlement from southern Scotland and northern England • ScotsIrish Richard Hakluyt • move poor, starving people to the Americas • give them a better life will then buy things they need from England Francis Drake (15781580) • pirate steals Spanish gold • ends up in Panama, meets mixedrace people that hate the Spanish eager to help English 8/30/16 9/1/16 US History • Chesapeake Colonies Roanoke: 1584, 1586, 1587 • Arthur Barlow Manteo and Wanchese • kidnapped Indians Ralph Lane • military • wants neighboring Indians to help him • 1586 complete failure • 1587 saved by Sir Francis Drake • 1588 Spanish Armada • English embargo White returns and Roanoke has vanished Jamestown • first “successful” English colony • organization funded by selling shares to the public looking for valuables (gold, diamonds, crops, etc.) religion potentially convert Indians patriotic extend British power of the world • settlers people to do all different jobs second sons • noble fathers encourage their 2nd sons to get involved in politics OR spread British power • Indians Powhatan • started a somewhat empire 8/30/16 9/1/16 US History conquest strategic marriage A. his daughter marries a rival power A. loyal to mother’s family prestige trade routes B. takes over as many as possible Pacquiquieno • kidnapped by Spanish (1570) • once free, tells his people about all different things the Spanish have • attempts trade, fails, kills Spanish • struggles built in swamp • brackish water (salt and fresh water mixed) • sewage in water • cause disease • no food John Smith • basically takes over • meets Indians (friendly; Powhatan) Indians give him food Indians want guns John Smith says no • Pocahontas daughter of Powhatan Potomac Indians kidnap her and sell her to the English • Powhatan doesn't care • Powhatan finally agrees to Pocahontas can marry an Englishman (John Rolfe) • Jamestown (again) 8/30/16 9/1/16 US History reform (1618 1621) • political • economic tobacco (1619) • BOOM • people can now make money • Indian Wars Openchancanough (1622) • Powhatan’s brother 16441646 • New England Puritans • not being displaced, have land and property, trade and manufacturing • religion vision and social vision begin to overlap covenant theology • covenant of grace God gives grace to those who are saved predestination • covenant of works do good works, you will be rewarded • The National Covenant pledge to honor both covenants covenant is broken, God’s wrath (drought, famine, locusts, etc) Plymouth starts good relations with the Indians • Pilgrims (16191620) go to Holland (too Dutch so they leave) end up on Mayflower and end up in Cape Cod much like Chesapeake, they starve but they quickly become a stable, growing, community 8/30/16 9/1/16 US History Massachusetts Bay (1629) start with good relations with Indians • City on a Hill (Winthrop) • separatists • Indians in New England Wampanoag Narraganset Pequot Massachusett settlers introduce new European diseases • hits Indians near sea first Squanto is kidnapped • New England climate • cold • helps with spread of disease • hard to grow valuable crops in the cold no tobacco, no sugar, no rice, etc immigrants • middle class government • “democratic” component of Puritanism economy • fishing very dangerous • cutting down trees very dangerous • farming do this instead of fishing and logging • functions by massive waves of immigrants immigrants flee to New England from England because of religious persecution communities 8/30/16 9/1/16 US History • towns have a minister enough people with money enough laborers • church center of town people MUST go to church • not all people who go to church are church members church members are saved nonchurch members don't vote • families everyone is part of a family • order and hierarchy • New England Town everyone lives in town • town ruled by church and townhouse geographic representation of social order • Problems dissent • Roger Williams founded colony of Rhode Island individual conscience between you and God • Anne Hutchinson middle class saved basically says the Protestants are Catholic has weekly meetings where she preaches to women (and some men) accused of violating secular laws and the scriptures of women preaching sent to Rhode Island 8/30/16 9/1/16 US History Connecticut , New Haven • Pequot War: 16341638 not killed off by disease PequotEnglish trade dispute • Pequot Fort: 1673 Fort Mystic massacre
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