Body Cavities/Abdominal Regions/Organ Systems: Week 2
Body Cavities/Abdominal Regions/Organ Systems: Week 2 BSC 2085L
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michelle Morales on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BSC 2085L at Hillsborough Community College taught by David Worley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Human Anatomy/Physiology I (Lab) in Science at Hillsborough Community College.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
Friday, September 2, y Language of Anatomy/Organ Systems Anatomical Position: The body is erect with the arms on the side and the palms facing forward. • major divisions of the body: 1. Axial: Consists of the head, neck and trunk. 2. Appendicular: Consists of the limbs and their attachments. • ody Landmarks: A. Anterior (Front): • Abdominal: body trunk • Acromial: point of the shoulders • Antebrachial: forearm • Antecubital: anterior (front) surface of the elbow • Axillary: armpit • Brachial: arm • Buccal: cheek • Carpal: wrist • Cephalic: head • Cervical: neck • Coxal: hip • Crural: leg • Digital: fingers/toes • Femoral: thigh • Fibular: side of the leg • Frontal: forehead 1 Friday, September 2, y • Hallux: big toe • Inguinal: groin area • Mammary: breast • Manus: hand • Mental: chin • Nasal: nose • Oral: mouth • Orbital: eye socket • Palmar: palm of hands • Patellar: anterior (front) part of the kneecap • Pedal: foot • Pelvic: pelvis • Pollex: thumbs B. Posterior (Back): • Acromial: point of shoulders • Brachial: arm • Calcaneal: heel of the foot • Cephalic: head • Dorsum: back • Femoral: thigh • Gluteal: butt • Lumbar: back between the ribs and hips • Manus: hand • Occipital: posterior (back) of the head • Olecranial: posterior (back) of the elbow • Otic: ear 2 Friday, September 2, y • Pedal: foot • Perineal: between the anus and external genitalia • Plantar: sole of the foot • Sacral: region between the hips • Scapular: shoulder blade • Sural: calf of legs • Vertebral: area of spinal column Other terms: • Pubic: Genital area • Sternal: region of the breastbone • Tarsal: ankle • Thoracic: chest • Umbilical: navel Body Orientation: ANTERIOR (FRONT) POSTERIOR (BACK) MEDIAL (TOWARDS THE MIDDLE/MIDLINE) LATERAL (AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE) CEPHALAD (SUPERIOR/INFERIOR) TOWARDS THE HEAD (UP) OR THE TAIL (DOWN) VENTRAL (BELLY) DORSAL (BACK) PROXIMAL (CLOSER TO THE TRUNK OF THE BODY) 3 Friday, September 2, y DISTAL (AWAY FROM THE TRUNK OF THE BODY) SUPERFICIAL (EXTERNAL) DEEP (INTERNAL) Body Planes: • gittal Plane: Runs longitudinally (up and down) which divides the body into right and left halves. If divided into equal parts then this is called a median or midsagittal plane. • ontal (Coronal) Plane: Runs longitudinally (up and down) which divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) parts. • nsverse Plane: Runs horizontally which divides the body into superior (upper half) and inferior (lower half) parts. Abdominimal Regions: (left to right) 1. Right hypochondriac 2. Epigastric Region 3. Left hypochondriac 4. Right lumbar region 5. Umbilical region 6. Left lumbar region 7. Right iliac (inguinal) region 8. Hypogastric (pubic) region 9. Left iliac (inguinal) region Organ Systems: Integumentary: consists of the skin. Skeletal: consists of bones, cartridges, tendons, ligaments and joints. 4 Friday, September 2, y Muscular: consists of the muscles attached to the skeleton. Nervous: Consists of the brain, spinal cord, nerves and sensory receptors. Endocrine: consists of the pituitary, thymus, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and pineal glands. Also consists of hormones associated with the ovaries, testes and pancreas. Cardiovascular: consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood. Lymphatic (Immunity): consists of the lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, tonsils, and lymphoid tissues. Respiratory: consists of the nasal passages, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs. Digestive: consists of the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines and structures such as teeth, salivary glands, liver and pancreas. Urinary: consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Reproductive: consists of the male organs such as testes, prostate gland, scrotum, penis, and duct system. Female organs consists ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, mammary glands and vagina. 5
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