Week 2 (August 28-September 02) - Race and Racism
Week 2 (August 28-September 02) - Race and Racism ANT3451
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ricardo Rauseo on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT3451 at University of Florida taught by Mary Elizabeth Ibarrola in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Race and Racism in Cultural Anthropology at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
Monday, August 29, 2016 Process of Enslavement “Chattelization” of Labor Need for Labor/Economic Interests Gradual restriction Results in Black Slavery Black Slavery Economic & Social Institution o Part of the Southern “way of life” Easily rationalized o Slaves in Africa o Savages/Sinners Significance Servitude into slavery o Two different institutions because it incorporates the concept of race Ideology of Human Difference Defined Social Hierarchy Race as a Solution Old World slave systems recognized humanity Slavery: Institution in which some persons are legally owned by other persons, akin to a piece of property How can a human being be both a person and a piece of property? People as Property o Bridewealth o Prostitution o Children Kin-based ownershipLabor based ownership Ownership for wealthOwnership as necessary (Economic and Social Tool) Always required rationalization Life, Liberty and Property Glorious Revolution of 1688 Possessive IndividualismYou have the right over your body, your work, and the product of that work o Liberty= Freedom from Government Interference o Property= Inalienable right, equivalent to life Society of Equals o Work as hard as you want to and you will be rewarded equally Hierarchy in American Society Great Chain of Being o Originated with Greek philosophers o Quasi-Scientific, Quasi-Theorretical Black Americans occupied lower rank o Intellect o Appearance o Immorality Sexual deviants Lazy Ranks o God o Angels o Humans o Other Animals Fusion (in white minds) of distinct intellectual, moral, temperamental, and physical characteristics Jefferson and Race Representative of the inherent opposition of Enlightenment and racial ideology He wanted money He was a hypocrite He hated slavery but had slaves and didn’t help to accelerate the process towards the abolition of slavery Slavery benefited this way of life Moved rationalization from religion to science, from heathens to inherently inferior Notes on the State of Virginia Science can determine the nature of black inferiority It doesn’t matter if it was because blacks were originally inferior or made distinct through time, they are now inferior to whites in body and mind. Religious Opposition to Slavery Moral outrage o Advocated for humanization of conditions Threatened Slavery o Eliminating “heathen” reasoning o Improving literacy Enlightenment Opposition to Slavery Many Englishmen had more freedom than ever before Connection between English values and abolition *Did not necessarily believe in equality Pro-Slavery Response Enhanced commitment to slavery o Cotton gin o Increase in slave rebellions Anti-slavery efforts pick up in 1830s Pro-slavery pushback o Religious arguments (Souls, Punishment) o Secular arguments (Economy, Control, Natural) Response Paper #1 The North American Racial Ideology Today o 1500-word min-1800-thrd max o Due September 12 , 11:45 pm o Submit through Canvas Draw a connection between the foundational ideology (world-view) that enabled the formation of race-based slavery and some aspects of contemporary American society. Be specific and through Wednesday, August 31, 2016 Race in the 19th century Fusion (in white minds) of distinct intellectual, moral, temperamental and physical characteristics 19th Century Realities Dependence on black labor Culture of racial slavery o Priority of race over class and everything else o Physical and psychological brutality commonplace Sociocultural patterns established o Black subservience o White control “There is no redemption from the corrosive consequences of absolute power. It is an addiction so complete that people’s minds become wrapped…This sickness and the seductive nature of white power characterized the social reality of white-black relations in the nineteenth century” Jefferson and Race Representative of the inherent opposition of Enlightenment and racial ideology Science can determine the nature of black inferiority Moved rationalization from religion to science, from heathens to inherently inferior Science and Race Science perpetuate racial ideology Enlightenment: Confrontation of science and theology o Of rational thinking instead of emotional Not separate form culture Controlled data collection and manipulation Early Classification Early science all about classification Linnaeus o Swedish botanist o Systema Natural 1735 Humans grouped with higher primates Four human categories o Environment created difference Johan Blumenbach 1770s and 1780s Five categories — Caucasian, Mongolian, Ethiopian, American, Malay Environment created difference o Specifically, degradation Aesthetic values = scientific knowledge Monogenesis vs. Polygenesis Impact of Classification Permanence/Rigidity Link between physical and cultural Ignores biological and cultural reality Ranking Scholarly credibility o People claimed credential however they liked
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