German 3252, Lecture 2 Notes
German 3252, Lecture 2 Notes German 3252
Popular in The Holocaust in German Literature and Film
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Grace Campbell on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to German 3252 at Ohio State University taught by Paul Reitter in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see The Holocaust in German Literature and Film in German at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
Lecture: Snyder and Lanzmann 8/30/16 1. Timothy Snyder’s arguments against ideas about the Holocaust 1. Argues against the heavy identification of the Holocaust with the camps, in particular Auschwitz a. Auschwitz was just one experience, it was a labor camp, and was very different from the other death camps that had almost no survivors b. Victims were killed more often by bullets than by gas chambers 2. Against understanding the Holocaust by "The Functionalist Approach" a. Approach holds that the Nazis didn’t really have a plan, they thought they would quickly win the war and have all of this land that they could send the Jews to. b. The final solution developed in response to the failure of the German Army of conquer all of the space that they thought they would, in response to having to maintain the ghettos of large Jewish populations. i. Mass shootings at first to try and shrink the population they have to watch over, but there were too many people, so gassing began and the camps ii. There was no master plan before the Holocaust began c. The approach more dominated by scholars and academics 2. Crucial factors in Snyder’s arguments about the Holocaust • Hitler had a thought out, "rational" plan before the Holocaust began • Hitler wanted to depopulate the area of non-‐Germans where there was fertile farmland…food security • Hitler was obsessed with space and race 3. Radicalness of Snyder’s arguments • That Hitler had a rational plan that he had always planned on putting into action • Indirectly says that maybe we shouldn’t even be looking at the Holocaust as a massive murder of the Jews, but as a mass murder of Europe o Reconceptualizing the Holocaust 4. Why make a 9.5 hour-‐long documentary about the Holocaust without music or historical footage? • The director wanted to know everything, he wanted to know how the barbers cut the hair, how long it took them, how many times, ect… • There are so many different personal accounts; everyone's experience was different and there were more people who experienced the Holocaust first hand than just the victims • Purism-‐ he wants you to focus as much as possible on the testimonies o Music and images can be distracting o Images of the Holocaust can be misleading-‐ uniform; similar pictures of victims dressed the same, standing in a row, all doing the same thing, ect.. • Lets us experience emotions on our own without experiencing emotions that we are "directed" to have 5. Why might someone have done this in the early 1980s? • Director finally gained enough resources to make film? • Is a counter act to the NBC series Holocaust (came out in the 70s), which Lanzmann believed gave a very partial, sentimental view o Show had awkward, obvious symbols; dramatic music; poor acting o turned 6. Claude Lanzmann’s film Shoah • Controversial • It’s a sensitive thing for people to recall • This tactic can be brutal, invasive • Lanzmann pushes people to continue on when they get worked up or want to stop • Psychological effects for the speakers after giving their testimonies, brings back painful memories • "Shoah" is an alternate name for "Holocaust", some people find it more preferable because "Holocaust" literal meaning is about burning and people don’t want it related to a ritual burning 7. Abraham Bomba’s testimony in the film, Shoah • Psychologically surprising • Is a fairly rare testimony, someone who worked in the gas chambers o Was a barber • Told of how much the workers knew • Says that if they (him and the other barbers) told the people that they were about to die, they would still die and he would also die, so what would be the point? • Says that the Germans needed their hair, and he was just doing his job by getting it for them o Told himself he was just doing his job and nothing more o Psychologically helped him rationalize what he was doing