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PSY 100, Week 1

by: Kaitlyn Notetaker

PSY 100, Week 1 PSY 100

Kaitlyn Notetaker
GPA 4.0

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What is Psychology?
Jonathan Golding
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Notetaker on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 100 at University of Kentucky taught by Jonathan Golding in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see in Psychology (PSYC) at University of Kentucky.

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Date Created: 09/02/16
PSY 100 Lecture notes 9/2/2016  Correlation does not equal causality o Example a positive correlation between success in college and eating chocolate chip cookie dough ice cream does not mean eating this ice cream will cause it to do well in college.  Could be the other way around or some other factor may be involved 3. The Experimental Method  Establish cause and effect o Manipulate Independent variable to see the effect on the Dependent variable o Example: watching TV when studying lowers test grades  Independent variable  vary it independently of other factors  IV is watching TV or Not  Experimental group  the group that is having something done to them (watch tv)  Control group  the group not having anything done to them  Experimental group vs control group  Random assignment into groups  Dependent variable  varies depending on what occurs during experiment  DV is exam score  What do your results mean?  Watch TV- 76.8  No TV- 90.5  You need to go beyond the data  Evaluation of ideas based on probability, no statements of certainty  What is the probability that I got this result by chance?  BEST to have results where the probability of getting a result by chance is less than 5 in 100 (p< .05)  In other words, you are at least 95% certain that your result is NOT due to chance  Problems in Psychological data collection: o Ethical considerations in conducting research—shock, deprivation, aggression o Practical considerations in conducting research  Length of time to conduct study may be too long  Amount of money required may be too much (e.g. buying equipment)  Too many participants may be needed  Physiological Aspects of Psychology o Question: what are the internal mechanisms and structures that determine how any given behavioral sequence operates o Nemo video clip of Nemo chasing Dory because she forgot that she said she’d help him o How do we know so much about the physiology-psychology relationship?  Research!!! o With Alzheimer’s disease the brain is being destroyed  Neurons o Estimated to be over 100 billion neurons in the human nervous system  An individual cell is called a “neuron”  Multiple neurons serving a single function is called a “nerve” o Neurons consist of three parts  1. Cell body (soma)- metabolism occurs here  2. Dendrites- many short fibers from soma that receive activity from adjacent cells  3. Axon- single fiber extending away from soma that transmits activity to other neurons, muscles or glands


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