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Greek Mythology Notes Week Two

by: Gabby Scott

Greek Mythology Notes Week Two CLAS 1100-001

Gabby Scott
GPA 3.3

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About this Document

Lots of notes here. Included are the Chapter 2, 3, and 4 reaing notes that are handwritten and the 8/30/16 and 9/1/16 lecture notes that are typed up and posted as a Word doc.
Greek Mythology (lecture)
Edwin Lansford
Class Notes
titans, olympians, babylon, myth
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This 18 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabby Scott on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLAS 1100-001 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Edwin Lansford in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Greek Mythology (lecture) in History at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.


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Date Created: 09/02/16
8/30/16 Class 3 Notes   The Olympian Gods Origins of Greek Myth 1.) Iconography ­distinctive attributes for every God i.e. Apollo with liar  ­ The Hittite Empire ­ Catal Huyuk: southern Turkey ­ Goddess from Catal Huyuk: woman figure on throne giving birth with leopards on her  side­ represents fertility and the animals represent royalty and wild game  ­ Artemis depicted on the Francois Vase: “Potnia Theron” Artemis with a staa and panther  thought to represent and promote wild game 2.) Comparative Study ­ Original speakers from Indo­ European 5000 BC and spread into Greece around 2000 BC ­ Mature, bearded male= Zeus, Poseidon, or Heites  ­ Characteristics of Zeus shown in Jupitor, god of moon ­ Indo­European Languages Sky Gods Greek: Zeus Pater= father Zeus Latin: luppiter Sanskrit: Dyauspitr = sky god  *piter, pater­ meaning of father, common reference for greek gods* ­Zeus is the only god with a clear trace to Indo­European language and origin  3.) Analysis of Greek Prehistory  ­ Bronze Age Greece; Mycenean Greece ­ Used writing to keep inventory, not literature  ­ Michael Ventris deciphered language on Mycenean architecture and was able to figure out that  signs were actually sylabols  ­ Divine names that appear in Linear B tablets:  ­Zeus~ lord of thunderstorm/bright sky ­Hera~ wife of Zeus ­Poseidon~ brother of Zeus; has trident to represent god of Sea ­Athena~ only goddess with war attire; oitadel acropolis= sit on top of hill and protected  its people ­Artemis~ protector and promoter of game ­Potnia~ mistress of the beast; god who presides over wild beasts ­Hermes~ bearded man, over time becomes younger; wing, sandals, and cloak represents  traveler ­Dionysus~ god of wine; recognized by drinking wine cup in hand; surprise to see on list  because said to come from area of India full of nymphs and partiers but found to derive  from the same time as other Gods *Apollo not on list b/c not known to come from Mycenean time* ­ Homer: Traditional author of the iliad and Odyssey ­ put stories to the Gods  ­Homeric bards: poets who came to courts to tell about stories and Greek myth; where     scholars believe stories began and were passed on  ­ Sumerians: non­Semtitic people that invented writing ­ Gods: a pantheon of gods  ­ Anu: personification of the sky and the source of authority; kingship is from heaven; similarity is Zeus  ­ Uraneus: has an initial role is cosmogony and then recedes to background  ­Inanna: dangerous woman; does nothing but screw and fight; goddess of war and love; similarity is Athena and Aphrodite  ­ Ereshkigal: God of Dead; wife Persephone: Queen of the Dead  ­ Enki: lord of the earth and fresh waters, master of crafts, and trickster; Hephaestus and Prometheus~ blacksmith and trickster ­Enlil: lord of the storm and a king; similarity is Zeus  ­ Babylonians: another empire that conquered all of Mesopotamia; gods seem to come from  Hesiod’s Theogony; Theogony means birth of gods  ­ Babylonian creation story: Uranus> Conus> Zeus: who then set up new regime of Olympian Gods  ­Marduk: chief deity of Babylonians; founder of cosmos and patrons of Babylonians; four eyes and four ears; his power is manifested in storms; combat with dragon in order to gain power; similar to Zeus  ­ Phoenicians: a sea­faring people that  ­ Ba’al: lord or master ­ Sacrifice of babies to Moloch (‘king’); worship done usually done on mountaintops because believed that’s where gods homed  ­ Mount Olympus: throne of Zeus; believed to derive from Phoenician influence  ­ Israel: Palestine; biblical religion was born  ­ Yahweh: chief deity of the Hebrews; like Marduk and Zeus, he rides forth to battle on the thunderstorm  ­ The Epiphany of Mount Sinai   ­ Elijah vs the prophets of Ba’al: Eliajh told children to stay true to Yahweh when children were veering towards following Ba’al ­ ba’al followers dance, pray, and cut their own flesh to try to get God to start fire­ nothing happens ­ Elijah prays and calls down fire from Yahweh; fire comes so proves that Yahweh is  God ­Yahweh appoints Abraham to be Father of the Jewish people ­ supposed to be a promise land for Abraham and his people to go to, ends up getting enslaved in Egypt ­ Yahweh speaks to Moses saying to save his people; Moses tells Egyptian pharaoh “let my people go” or danger will come ­ Yahweh descends lightning and thunder to give Moses code of law for his people ­ Israel means “May El reign”; El is the chief god of the canaanites; thought of as king and chief of all other gods ­Bethel: “House of El” one of the most important early sanctuaries in Israel 9/1/16 Class 4 Notes Cosmogony: birth of the cosmos; the birth of the universe  First beings: Chaos, Gaea, Tartarus, Eros, and their offspring  ­ First there was Chaos, “a void”  ­ Chaos> Erubus and Nyx, darkness and night> Aether and Hemera, lightness and day  ­ Gaea: Mother Earth; Tartarus: under Earth; Eros: desire, usually sexually ­ Gaea= parthenogenic: can produce offspring without help of male ­ Uranus pumps tons of children into Gaea but they are unable to actually come out of the womb because Uranus doesn’t stop ­ From in the womb, son Cronus cuts off Uranus’ genitals and Titans are finally released;  Separation of heaven and earth  ­ Aphrodite, goddess of sex, is born through Uranus’ severed genitals falling into the sea ­ Gaea with Pontus births many monsters and shape shifters  Titans ­ First six Olympian gods are produced by the titans ­ Oceanus: a river that flows around the world  The Cyclopes and the Hecatonchires ­ Cyclopes are the blacksmiths of the gods  ­ Having dethroned his father, Cronus becomes ruler of the cosmos  ­ To avoid getting overthrown, Cronus eats his own children  ­ Sister Rhea keeps Zeus from getting eaten by Cronus; when Zeus grows older he forces Cronus to vomit up Zeus’ brothers and sisters, the Olympians The Olympian Gods  ­ Zeus starts war with Cronus that lasts 10 years; Zeus destroys Titans and sends them to  Tartarus, underworld, for eternal imprisonment  ­ Gaea and Tartarus birth Typhoeus to destroy Zeus; fails ­ Finally, Zeus is official king of gods and men


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