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Socrates and the Examined Life

by: Alex Ellzey

Socrates and the Examined Life PHI 151

Alex Ellzey

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About this Document

The whole set of notes from Wednesday and Friday
Introduction to Philosophy
Paula Smithka
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alex Ellzey on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHI 151 at University of Southern Mississippi taught by Paula Smithka in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Philosophy in Philosophical / Religious / Ethical Perspectives at University of Southern Mississippi.

Similar to PHI 151 at USM

Popular in Philosophical / Religious / Ethical Perspectives


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Date Created: 09/02/16
Philosophy 08/31/16 Overview: I. Socrates and the Examined Life a. Socrates (469-399 BCE) b. Plato (c. 427-357 BCE) A. The Socratic Method B.The “Reductio ad absurdum” strategy of argument a. “The Republic) – What is justice? b. The trial of Socrates: “The apology” c. The role of “gadflies” in society Reading for Friday: Section 1.3 pages 13-29  The Socratic Method: A general question is presented and a simple answer that isn’t quite satisfactory is given, and more questions are presented therefore, more answers are given.  “Reductio ad absurdium” – Reduction of Absurdity Lead your opponent into a contradiction and you’ve basically won your argument  Thrasymachus: justice is in the interest of the stronger and not in the interest of the stronger. o might make right o Are the rulers of the States infallible? Or are they liable to air o Rulers –> make mistakes  if they are allowed to make mistakes then the laws they present to their subjects are not in common interest. But since they are the ruler’s laws, they still have to obey them because it is just.  The Apology: Plato’s dialogue of Socrates’ trial o 70 years old o 501 jurors o Accusers 1. Meletus 2. Antyus 3. Lycon o Charges 1. Corrupting the youth 2. Not believing in the gods of Athens (bottom of pg 47-48) o People that Socrates went to speak with about inquiries 1. Politicians 2. Poets 3. Artisans o Everyone that he went to held a prominent position in society o He managed to piss off a lot of people in the Athenian community just by teaching philosophy and questioning the prominent position holders of the community o Mid trial the charge was changed from not believing in the gods of Athens to Atheism then back to not believing because he stated his belief in divinities o Divinities: gods or children of gods 2  The role of gadflies is to stir up things in society. The person that says “these are the things that need to be considered.” Social gadflies usually ends up dead simply because people are so used to just doing things that society says is right but when the gadflies come and sting you it can make you reflect and think aut whether or not the social practices are just. 3


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