HI 4673 Quiz 1 Study Guide
HI 4673 Quiz 1 Study Guide HI 4673
Popular in Nineteenth Century Europe (1789-1914)
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cheyenne S. on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HI 4673 at Mississippi State University taught by Davide Orsini in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
HI 4673 Study Guide, Quiz 1 I. The Enlightenment A. transformed the way people thought about the world B. independent thought C. influencers 1. Voltaire—Candide 2. Rousseau—The Social Contract 3. Montesquieu—Letters Persanes 4. Diderot—Encyclopedie D. creating for the public 1. pamphlets 2. stories (novels) 3. salons (nobility only) II. The French Revolution A. old regime 1. absolutism—monarchy = divine right from God to rule 2. Estates—social class a) 1st—clergy b) 2nd—nobles (sword v. robe) c) 3rd—peasants, merchants, et al 3. system of privilege to 1st and 2nd Estates 4. financial crisis due to wars B. moderate revolution 1. Estates General a) requests of 3rd Estate not heard b) Tennis Court Oath formed to reform the state 2. The Great Fear a) protests and riots b) Bastille falls 3. The National Assembly a) reforms (1) Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (2) Constitution of 1791 4. establish constitutional monarchy C. radical revolution 1. tension growing a) European conflicts (1) Prussia-Austria b) slave revolts (1) Haiti 2. tension breaks a) royal family kicked out of palace and imprisoned b) September Massacres (1) 1200+ prisoners killed by mobs 3. National Convention a) establishes France as republic w/out monarchy (1) Jacobins take charge b) more conflict w/ European countries c) king tried for treason and executed 4. Committee of Public Safety a) implemented by Jacobins; started the Reign of Terror (1) imprisoned “enemies of the Revolution” (2) death to alleged traitors by guillotine b) prominent figure: Robespierre 5. hide all influence of the Old Regime a) change calendar b) dechristianization (1) Festival of Reason D. Thermidor 1. Jacobins out of control, taken out of power a) Reign of Terror concludes w/ death of Robespierre 2. Constitution of 1795 attempts to restore what radicals took away a) property restrictions for voting b) elites’ power preserved 3. replacement of power: Directory a) 5-member committee b) elections to rotate power 4. high tensions remain a) European b) internal 5. coup d’état a) Directory dismantled from power b) Napoleon Bonaparte takes over
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