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Christian Scriptures-The Text(s) of the New Testament

by: Harry Hasbrouck

Christian Scriptures-The Text(s) of the New Testament REL 1310

Marketplace > Baylor University > Religion > REL 1310 > Christian Scriptures The Text s of the New Testament
Harry Hasbrouck
Baylor University

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About this Document

These notes cover all of week two's material. The first section is Tuesday's notes and the second is Thursday's notes. On Tuesday the material covered various texts of the New Testament, manuscript...
The Christian Scriptures
Dr. Derek Dodson
Class Notes
Baylor, religion
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Harry Hasbrouck on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to REL 1310 at Baylor University taught by Dr. Derek Dodson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 98 views. For similar materials see The Christian Scriptures in Religion at Baylor University.


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Date Created: 09/02/16
A. Observations 1. The Language of the New Testament Koine Greek 2. Manuscripts means “handwritten” by scribes & copyists, the printing press did not exist yet. 1456 Gutenberg printing began Material parchment is an animal hide material (leather, but finer) very durable Papyrus is a plant less durable 2nd/3rd century C.E. scribes begin to write on papyrus Form scroll- were glued or attached together and held together by sticks; during reading you had to un scroll (preferred) codex (codices)- taking pieces of paper and folding stacks then putting holes in the side and binding them with string like a modern day book Christians prefer the codex; most Christian manuscripts are codex 3. Continous Script (scriptio continua) the script is continuous 4. Nomina sacra words that get special attention and are over lined in manuscripts form of ancient abbreviation to put a line through the word What is the origin? Scholars believe the Jewish did this as a Jewish scribal treatment of the Tetragrammaton Tetragrammaton- refers to the 4 letters for God (Yahweh) Adoni (Lord) God’s name gets a different treatment (special treatment) Lord in non-capital letters means master Capital letters means Lord God is generic for deity B. Problem 1. No autographs (just copies); no originals from the author 2. None of the autographs agree exactly 300,000 variant readings Variant readings are differences Translators have to decide which is most original or earliest 3. Unintentional changes Errors of the eye- mistakes made by the eye they can be easily explained because they are so minor Errors of the ear 4. Intentional changes Reason for change is to harmonize Smooth out difficulties- whether they be grammatical or otherwise more difficult reading is probably the more original reading C. Purpose and Principles of Textual Criticism 1. Purpose of Textual Criticism For the recovery of the original text/reading A reconstruction of the text’s history 2. Principles of Textual Criticism External Evidence Internal Evidence (rules) More difficult reading is preferred Shorter reading is preferred The reading that fit’s the writer’s style/vocabulary is preferred Reading that best explains other readings is preferred 9/1/16 Bible Translation-History and Theory Preliminary Comments Old Testament-Hebrew New Testament-Greek Latin Vulgate- In the 4th century Jerome translated the Bible for Western Christianity for the about 1200 years A. Two factors that dramatically changed the History of Bible translation 1. During the Protestant reformation in the 1500s, the bible is the language of the people the bible was the sole authority Luke translated the bible into German England translation of the bible begin to flourish because of Protestant ideas The reformation encourages people to translate the bible 2. Printing Press 15th century invention provides a way in which bibles can be printed/circulated critical to Protestant reformation B. History of the English Bible Wycliffe Bible (1384) was the first English translation of the Bible he translated from the Latin Vulgate first English bible is a translation of a translation Tidal Bible (NT 1526; Pentateuch 1530) was the first printed English Bible he translated from Hebrew and Greek not a translation from a translation Coverdale Bible (1535) was the first completed printed English Bible translated from Latin and Tyndall’s Bible The King James Version or Authorized Version (1611) King James I authorized it Committee translators based text off of Hebrew & Greek texts C. Why the need to update KJV? inferior text base modern translation has a much better text basis Archaic language nobody speaks like this terms are irrelevant it needs to be in the language of the people it has evolved as the English language has evolved Translation is an act of interpretation D. Two major Theories of Translation 1. Formal Correspondence “word for word" nouns translated as nouns, prepositions translated as prepositions trying to stay as close as possible to grammatical structure, form Even the translation of idioms (figure of speech) King James version “he who pissith against the wall” translated today as “male" 1. Dynamic Equivalence “meaning for meaning" functional equivalence it is concerned with the meaning of the original into the target text you use modern language and structure to capture meaning of the original text


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