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Week 1 and 2 Notes

by: Krista Lindenberg

Week 1 and 2 Notes SOC 3113

Krista Lindenberg
Arkansas Tech University
GPA 3.8
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About this Document

These notes cover topics discusses during the first two weeks of class.
Social Movements and Social Change
Dr. Huss
Class Notes




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Krista Lindenberg on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 3113 at Arkansas Tech University taught by Dr. Huss in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Social Movements and Social Change in Sociology at Arkansas Tech University.

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Date Created: 09/02/16
 Collective Behavior o Need to distinguish this from movements  Social movement characterized by protests with political weight behind them. o These movements are always organized and focus outside the mainstream to  counter the current political system. o Way different than a riot.  Social movement is a dialogue occurring above the level of individual factors  If you frame your message appropriately, you will draw a crowd.  This is how you recruit enough members to create a core with specialized, organized roles.  They adopt tactics to  raise awareness.  Social Movement Characteristics o Specific Goals: narrow, specific, or broad o Formal Organizational Structure: becomes formal organization and pulls  movement together. o Some Degree of Continuity: they stay consistent and communicate openly; value  consistency and continuity.  This maintains integrity to keep people in the group. o Operate Outside of Existing Channels: typically start outside of political systems.  For any democracy, there must be social movements. o Pluralism – all voices should be heard.  In any system where the majority remains silent, they give their consent to be suppressed.  People have to learn to be oppressed, to not act in civil disobedience. o Gatekeeping o The final step in cultural shifting revolves around the gatekeeper.  The only way  new people, ideas, or products can successfully enter an existing community is  when they are introduced and endorsed by a viable gatekeeper.  A gatekeeper is  an indigenous member of the community who has either formal or informal  influence with the culture.  These gatekeepers can be formally elected or selected  leaders, or they might be one of the members who everyone can count on to get  things done.   o These gatekeepers are powerful because they transition their influence to the  person, idea, or product they are endorsing or rejecting.  This transition of  influence is the first step to the inclusion of the new thing into the culture.  The  mere fact that the gatekeeper likes or dislikes the idea is enough to sway other  members to his or her side.  Remember, 60% of the membership of any  community is usually neutral (or slightly on the negative side) on issues.  The  gatekeeper uses his or her power and influence to persuade others to follow his or  her lead.  The assertive gatekeeper will readily offer his or her opinion; the  unassertive gatekeeper usually must be asked. o To effectively shift a culture to accept something new requires that the change  agent identify and then enlist a gatekeeper to facilitate the passage.  Be excellent and create culture.  Plant a seed with a clearly defined picture.  Herbert Blumer Social Change Model o All perceived power is our own.  We will find an excuse or we will find a way. o Fear + economic insecurity = control by status quo.  Social Stability   “the status quo”  Material Change  Discrepancy  Precipitating Event  Strain/tension identified  Controls loosen  Counter message gets traction  Behavior Outburst  Agitation o Agitators move expectations above the status quo, keeping  the moral high ground. o Agitators raise and set expectations, moving expectations  out of line with status quo or social stability.    Important for future orientation because it gives  members a vision o Agitators channel frustrations into constructive projects  An idea doesn’t motivate anyone.   You need a vision with steps to get there. o Agitators need to maintain a consistent, nonviolent  message.  Ideology o Movements must have an ideology. o Build a belief system among the movement o Get recruited and trained to learn ideology o Express morals and ethics in general enough way that  people agree with you o Ideology sets boundary condition for framing. o Ideology shapes what the change will look like; it is the  cultural bubble. o Labor Movement cost thousands of people their lives.   They were fighting for fair wages, against exploitation, and including leisure time.  They died for 8 hour work days,  breaks, lunches, and weekends.  Moral o The moral is about cultivating the sentiment that what we  are doing is right. o Moral is the booster, the glue, the reinforcement that what  we are doing is right. o Moral creates conditions where people pull together. o Moral is built through doing the work and projects together, tasting the failures and success together, and sharing war  stories together. o The group that is always doing something joins together by  their shared ideologies.  Their job is to recruit more  members to share their war stories for the cause too. o What we are doing is right, fun, and supportive. o The biographies of the individuals are joining together to  create the larger history of the group and the movement. o The Social Movement becomes a defining part of the  person.  Esprit de Corps: Spirit of the Body o Sprit of the group: we are stronger together. o Create group norms of working together o Beware of strong Ingroup/outgroup relationships   Don’t let the movement become so inclusive that it  is exclusive.  Don’t create a pack to protect, invite new members  in. o Tactics emerge from the ideology of the group o Tactics spin directly out of ethics and values  Outcome  Social Change o Like 1950’s child abuse, we must collectively identify a problem so that groups  can mobilize. o Self­interest does not equal selfishness.  Recognize these subtle distinctions so  that you can understand the dialogue occurring above the people. o A good leader controls the behaviors to maintain a consistent, nonviolent  message. o Agitation = shaped and structured anger Material Change/ Discrepancy Social Stability  Precipitating Event  Controls Loosen  behavior outburst  Agitation, ideology,  moral, and esprit de corps  tactics  outcome = social  change


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