New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unit 1 Chapter Notes

by: -Mathew Notetaker

Unit 1 Chapter Notes PSB3002

-Mathew Notetaker
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Physiological Psychology

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Physiological Psychology notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

These notes cover the first unit of this course which was essentially an introduction to the subject of Physiological Psychology
Physiological Psychology
David Smith
Class Notes
evolution, brain, behavior, dualism, monism




Popular in Physiological Psychology

Popular in Psychology Main

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by -Mathew Notetaker on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSB3002 at University of Florida taught by David Smith in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 65 views. For similar materials see Physiological Psychology in Psychology Main at University of Florida.


Reviews for Unit 1 Chapter Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/02/16
8/31/2016  Unit 1:  Dualism: A belief in the dual nature of reality. Mind and body are separate, the body is made of  ordinary matter, but the mind is not  Monism: The belief that everything in the universe consists of matter and energy and that the  mind is a phenomenon produced by the workings of the nervous system    ­Consciousness can be used to refer to a variety of concepts. In this book, it refers to the fact  that we humans are aware of , and can tell others about, our thoughts perceptions memories  and feelings.     Blindsight: Being effectively blind but hand movements still being affected by occurences in your  surroundings.   Split Brains: Separated corpus callosum, results in hemispheres not communicaing. Leads to  split perceptions.     9/1/2016  ● The basic function of perception is to inform us of what is happening in our  environment so that our behaviors will be adaptive and useful.  ○ The ability to think evolved because it permits us to perform complex behaviors  that accomplish useful goals. ;  ● Scientific explanation takes two forms: generalization and reduction​.   ○ Generalization:​  Explaining particular instances of behavior as examples of  general laws deduced from experiments.  ■ Ex. Fear of dogs is the result of classical conditioning.   ○ Reduction: Explaining complex phenomena in terms of simpler ones.   ■ Ex. Muscle movement described in terms of changes in the cells which  make up the muscles.    ● Job of a Behavioral Neuroscientist:​ xplain behavior by studying the physiological  forces that control it.   ○ Can’t just be reductionists.​ Same behaviors may have different causes. Have  to understand psychological reasons behind a behavior B​ EFORE​ understanding  physiological reasons.   ■ Ex. Mouse nest building: Might be because of cool weather, or  pregnancy. Different reasons behind same actions. Controlled by different  parts of the brain.   ■ Behavioral Neuroscientists: Behavior + Physiology.  ● Model: A relatively simple system that works on known principles and is able to do at  least some of the things a more complex system can do.   ● Johannes Muller: Doctrine of Specific Nerve Energies  ○ Although all nerves carry the same basic electrical impulse message, we  perceive the messages of different nerves in different ways.   ● Primary Motor Cortex. Nerve Cells here communicate with the ones that cause muscle  contraction.   ● Experimental ablation: A research method in which the function of the brain is inferred by  observing the behaviors an animal can no longer perform that part is damaged.   Natural Selection and Evolution  ● Functionalism: A belief that characteristics if living organisms perform useful  functions  ● Natural Selection: The process by which inherited traits that confer a selective  advantage (increase an animals likelihood to live and reproduce) become more  prevalent in a population.   ● Amphibians emerged on the land about 360 million years ago  ○ Therapids one branch that dominated for a while until volcanic eruptions  destroyed them.  ○ The cynodont, smalll therapsid survived. Became earliest ancestors of the  mammals. Mammals were small, ate insects, and inconspicuous during  the age of the dinosaurs. After dino’s died out, mammals filled the  vacuum.   ● First hominids appeared in africa 25 million years ago, eventually evolved into 4  major species.   Unilateral Neglect: Failure of a person to notice things to their left, or the left sides of objects  placed before them. Caused by damage to the right parietal lobe, which puts together  information about the location of the parts of the body with the location of objects in the space  around them.  ● Split Brain:  ○ In most people, left controls speech. Right can understand instructions but cant  produce speech. So when people are shown something on their left side, and it is  processed by the right side of the brain, they wont be able to say anything about  it but can reach towards it with their left hand.    ● Unilateral neglect, blindsight, split brain symptoms suggest that consciousness is in part  dependent on the verbal cortex of the brain.   Evolution: A gradual change in the structure and physiology of plant and animal species as a  result of natural selection.   ● Human Brain Size:  ○ Bigger Bodies Require Bigger Brains, but the size of the brain doesn’t have to go  up proportionally with that of the body.  ○ Whats important is having a brain with many nerve cells not dedicated to  muscles, or sensory info. Available for learning, remembering , reasoning  ○ Human brains contain 70.7 million neurons per gram. Capybara, (large rodent),  only 21 million neurons per gram  ○ Neoteny: A slowing of the process of maturation. This allows more time for  growth. Important in the development of large brains.   ○ Even though our DNA differs from chimps by 1.2% our brains are  3x larger. So,  its a small number of genes responsible for our brain size. Genes appear to slow  down/weaken, the mechanisms that stop brain development.   Ethical Issues:  ● More animals harmed by pet ownership than by research.    Mutations: Accidental changes in the chromosomes of sperm or eggs that join together and  develop into new organisms  Selective advantage: A characteristic of an organism that allows it to produce more than the  average number of offspring for its species.     ● Theory of Mind: Unique and only accessible to the individual. How we view ourselves  and our world. Includes thoughts, memories, reasons, perceptions, imagination.  ● The mind as a Romantic Construct:   ○ Strength of emotions.  ○ Memories (very distant): Can elicit measurable neurological and physiological  responses  ● Consciousness: Awareness and Ability of Humans to describe our thoughts perceptions,  memories and feelings  ● Most physiological Psychologists believe that consciousness is a brain/physiological  function because it can be altered by brain chemistry.   ● Hippocrates: Responsible for wisdom, delirious, thinking,   ○ Different personality traits product of variation in balance of the 4 humors.   ● Aristotle: Believed brain cooled the passions of the heart  ● Galen: Roman of Greek Origin, believed brain was central to bodily control.   ● Descartes: Believed that animal and man are mechanistic  ○ Initiated the term reflexes  ○ Dualist: First to associate mind and brain  ○ Mind, independent of the body, expressed through the pineal gland.’  ● Luigi Galvani: First to show electrical stimulation is the source of our movements.   ● Pierre Flourens: Removed portions of animal brains, Ablasion. Testing to see if there is a  basis for phrenology.  ● Johannes Mueller:Strict experimental approach to psychology. Doctrine of Specific  Nerve Energies: Same impulses, different channels.  ● Fritz and Hitzig: first to show effect of electrically stimulating cerebral cortex.  ● Wilhelm Wundt wrote the first Psychology text, entitled Principles of Physiological  Psychology.  ● According to Carlson, the primary purpose of the brain is to control movement, which is the  basis of our behaviors.  ● Descartes believed that the mind controlled the body. The body sent sensory information to  the mind.  ○ Dualism: Body Physical, Mind not  ○ Monism: Both Mind and Body made up of neural substance.   ● Johannes Mueller  ● An adult human brain undergoes 4 fold increase in size relative to that of a human brain.         Objectives:  1.1 Define blindsight and characterize the behavior of people with split brains and unilateral  neglect; explain the contribution of these phenomena to our understanding of self­awareness.  ● 1.2 Describe the nature of physiological psychology and the goals of research.  ● 1.3 Explain the evolution/development of the modern science of behavioral neuroscience  from it’s early beginnings.  ● 1.4 Explain the role of natural selection in the evolution of behavioral traits.  ● 1.5 Describe the evolution of the human species and a large brain  ● 1.6 Detail the value of research with animals and ethical issues concerning their care  ● 1.7 Identify the different career opportunities in neuroscience.                 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.