History 1377 Identification Notes: Puritans
History 1377 Identification Notes: Puritans Hist 1377
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Brucker on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1377 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Mathew Clavin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 134 views. For similar materials see The U.S. to 1877 in History at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
Identification Notes Lecture 3 Puritans: Religious Change The religious changes that occurred in England during the early 1500s were less concerned with doctrinal matters and more concerned with the great Protestant Reformation which was under way in continental Europe at the time. In 1534 Henry VIII split with the Catholic Church because he wished to perpetuate the line of Tudor monarchs by divorcing his wife Katherine of Aragon and marrying another, hopefully more fertile, women (which was forbidden by the Catholic Church/Pope). Despite the emergence of an independent English church, religious loyalties remained deeply divided for decades. In fact, the Church of England differed little from the Catholic Church, except for the central issue of allegiance to the pope. This lingering similarity was a matter of deep concern to many who felt that the English Reformation had not gone far enough. Thus, the Puritans were born. Who were the Puritans? The name "puritan" came to be used to describe members of the Church of England who wished to purify it of all semblances to the Roman Catholic Church. In spite of the fact they had left England, the Puritans who sailed to Massachusetts Bay in 1630 maintained they were not separatists (nonseparatists), but wanted to purify the Church of England by establishing "a city upon a hill" as an example of how “godly” people should live. A prominent figure within the Massachusetts Bay colony was John Winthrop, who was elected its first governor and became a chief figure among the Puritan founders of New England. The Puritans who settled in Massachusetts Bay were considered to be “Calvinists”. Calvinism is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation era theologians, most notably Predestination (the belief that one is “predestined” to go to either Heaven or Hell and nothing will change their ultimate destination). One notable aspect of the Puritans is that when they traveled to the New World they brought along their whole family, instead of just traveling individually. The practices and beliefs of the Puritans caused them to be a largely religiously oppressed people. The Puritans adorned a very dark wardrobe which consisted mostly of plain, black attire. The Puritans were not allowed to dance, sing/play music, or drink (so they were basically a pretty dull bunch). The Puritans believed that education was a necessity and enforced schools to be built in every town due to their belief that every man should be able to read the Bible for himself. Harvard College, named after a Puritan from Boston, John Harvard, was the first college in America, created by the Puritans in Massachusetts Bay Colony. Effects of Puritanism Puritan political influence had largely disappeared in Massachusetts by the end of the 17th century, but attitudes associated with it remained. The Puritans, had emphasized that suffering was necessary to redeem oneself from original sin and that hard work not only produces wealth, but strong moral character (the "Puritan Ethic"). Those who did not devote themselves to hard work were in mortal danger of falling into evil ways. This stern devotion to seriousness and "getting ahead" became hallmarks of the Yankee character. Although Puritanism as a theological movement had died out by the twentieth century, the term "Puritanism" remained as a metaphor. Significance of the Puritans: The Puritans significantly affected the education of their population, which lead to the American educational beliefs and system of today. The Puritans deeply instilled into the American psyche the notion that hard work is the key to success, which has had significant affects on the American economy and lifestyle for centuries. And finally, the Puritans established the “city upon a hill” notion that has reverberated through time. Whether it was Reagan calling America “a shining city on a hill,” or George W. Bush declaring that “America is a nation with a mission, and that mission comes from our most basic beliefs.”, on the whole, the American people believe that America is #1 and we need to make other countries just like us because we are the best (this is why other countries hate us!). Material taken from Professor Clavin’s lecture and: http://www.ushistory.com/pages/h573.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calvinism http://www.biography.com/people/johnwinthrop9534864 http://puritansimpactonamerica.weebly.com/significanceinhistory.html http://americanchurchhistory.blogspot.com/2011/12/significanceofpuritanstoday.html
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