Psychoanalytic Theories Psych 3233
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Notetaker on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 3233 at Midwestern University taught by Dr. Snowden in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology at Midwestern University.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
Chapter 1: Psychoanalytic Theories Psychoanalytic Theory: • Behavior is mainly unconscious, greatly moved by emotion, and merely a distinctive feature that has representational meaning. • Experience with parents early on significantly forms behavior. Freud’s three structures of personality are as follows : Id, ego, superego • Id is the unconscious portion of a personality. There is no contact with reality and morality is not involved. • Ego deals with reality and is known as the “executive branch” of personality. Morality is not involved. • Superego is the conscious part of personality and deals with morality. Superego determines right from wrong. Psychosexual Development: • There are five stages and each stage centers on a part of the body for experiencing pleasure. • Adult personality is determined by the way that conflicts between means of pleasure are resolved. The Oral The Anal The Phallic The Latency The Genital Stage Stage Stage Stage Stage (Birth to 1 (1 and a half (3 to 6 years) (6 to puberty (Puberty and and a half to 3 years) years) onward) years) -Pleasure -Pleasure -Pleasure centers -The child -Time of sexual centers centers on the on the genitals. internalizes all reawakening. around on anus. -Self- interest in -The source of mouth. -Functions of manipulation is a sexuality and sensual pleasure -Such as elimination are source of develops comes from with sources of pleasure. intellectual and someone that is chewing, pleasure. - Oedipus social skills. outside their biting, or complex -Energy is family. sucking. emerges. focused on These are emotionally safe sources of areas. pleasure for -The child a child forgets the stressfulness of the phallic stage. Erik Erikson and the eight stages of development: Trust vs. Mistrust (first year): • Trust requires a feeling of physical security and a small amount of fear. It also requires uneasiness about the future. • Having trust in infancy sets the stage for a lifelong expectation that the world will be a good place. Autonomy vs. Shame and doubt (second year): • After gaining trust, infants start to find that their behaviors are their own. • They start to show their independence (or autonomy) and realize their motivation. • If parents restrain or discipline infants too harshly, it is likely that the infant will develop a sense of shame and doubt. Initiative vs. Guilt (preschool years): • An active behavior with purpose is needed by preschool children in order for them to cope with the challenges of a widening social world. • During this time, children are asked to be responsible for their bodies, toys, behavior, etc. • Guilt can arise if the child finds that they are irresponsible and is made to feel anxious about it. Industry vs. Inferiority (elementary school years): • During this time, children’s energy is focused on understanding knowledge and logical skills. • It is dangerous if children feel incapable or unproductive. Identity vs. Identity confusion (adolescence): • Individuals who are faced with finding out who they are, what they’re about, and where they are going in life. During this time, adolescents are confronted with many new roles and adult statuses. • Identity is achieved when adolescents explore their roles in life and the path that they will take. • Identity confusion arises when an identity is pushed onto adolescents or if they do not explore their roles adequately. Intimacy vs. Isolation (early adulthood): • Individuals begin to face intimate relationships with other people. • To achieve intimacy, individuals need to form healthy friendships and intimate relationships with other individuals. • When individuals fail to achieve intimacy, they feel isolation. Generativity vs. Stagnation (middle adult): • Generativity is reached when individuals feel as though they have helped the younger generation in developing and leading useful lives. • When individuals feel as though they have not done anything to help the younger generation, they feel stagnation. Integrity vs. Despair (late adulthood): • During this time, individuals reflect on their past and either conclude that their life was or was not spent well. • When individuals deem their past as worthwhile, they reach integrity. • When individuals resolve earlier stages and they look back on their life, they may feel despair.
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