Geography 1113 Notes- Week 1
Geography 1113 Notes- Week 1 GEOG 1113
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Koehl on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1113 at Georgia State University taught by Larry Kleitches in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
Geog 1113 Notes In Through the Out Door Geography studies, through the scientific method, the interdependence of geographical areas, places, and locations; natural systems, processes, and societal activities over Earth's surface The Scientific Method is used to approach a problem and involves the recognition of a problem, collection of data through observation & experimentation, creation of models, and formulation and testing of a hypothesis Geography is concerned with the relationships between humans and their environment in a spacial context. The four W's What, When, Why, and Why there? The study of spacial patterns & relationships is done by employing the following components (themes): Location and place Geography can be subdivided into human and physical geography, both involving regions Location: Absolute Is the Latitude/Longitude coordinates Relative In relation to another location Place An area defined by particular characteristics Human characteristics Human imprints: People, culture, language, religion, and buildings Physical characteristics Land features, climate, mountains, plains, bodies of water Humanenvironment interactions Humans adapt to their environment (clothing, crops), humans modify their environment (dams, highways, cities), and humans depend on their environment (rivers for transportations and water). Regions: Formal Set by governments, boundaries, or physical properties (Georgia, Appalachia) Functional Set by predominant function (TV station's viewing area, Wheat Belt), doesn't need to be uniform across the whole region, defining function doesn't need to exist Vernacular Perception: "The South", "The Snowbelt", "Appalachia" Maps are the tool of geography and are assembled based on coordinates Divisions of coordinates Degrees, minutes, and seconds 60 minutes per degree, 60 seconds per minute Coordinates are written Latitude (N or S) first, Longitude (E or W) second Four Earth Realms/The Spheres Atmosphere, Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, and Biosphere Atmosphere Gaseous layer surrounding the Earth and supplies the elements needed to sustain life Lithosphere Earth's crust and a portion of the upper mantle below the crust, is the outermost solid layer providing a platform for most lifeforms Hydrosphere The abiotic open system that includes Earth's water and the water cycle Biosphere The intricate, interconnected web that links all organisms with their physical environment. Includes the surfaces of the lands and the upper 100 meters or so of the ocean Natural systems and processes involved in physical geography are considered to operate within these four great spheres