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Geography 1113 Notes- Week 1

by: Victoria Koehl

Geography 1113 Notes- Week 1 GEOG 1113

Marketplace > Georgia State University > GEOG 1113 > Geography 1113 Notes Week 1
Victoria Koehl
GPA 3.79

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Notes taken on the first day of Geog 1113K talking about geography and a bit about coordinates and the four Earth spheres.
Introduction to Landforms
Larry Kleitches
Class Notes
coordinates, geography
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Victoria Koehl on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 1113 at Georgia State University taught by Larry Kleitches in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.


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Date Created: 09/02/16
Geog 1113 Notes­ In Through the Out Door  Geography studies, through the scientific method, the interdependence of geographical areas,  places, and locations; natural systems, processes, and societal activities over Earth's surface  The Scientific Method is used to approach a problem and involves the recognition of a problem,  collection of data through observation & experimentation, creation of models, and formulation and testing of a hypothesis  Geography is concerned with the relationships between humans and their environment in a spacial  context. The four W's­ What, When, Why, and Why there?  The study of spacial patterns & relationships is done by employing the following components  (themes): Location and place  Geography can be subdivided into human and physical geography, both involving regions  Location: Absolute­ Is the Latitude/Longitude coordinates                                Relative­ In relation to another location  Place­ An area defined by particular characteristics   Human characteristics­ Human imprints: People, culture, language, religion, and buildings  Physical characteristics­ Land features, climate, mountains, plains, bodies of water  Human­environment interactions­ Humans adapt to their environment (clothing, crops), humans  modify their environment (dams, highways, cities), and humans depend on their environment  (rivers for transportations and water).  Regions: Formal­ Set by governments, boundaries, or physical properties (Georgia,                               Appalachia)  Functional­ Set by predominant function (TV station's viewing area, Wheat Belt),                               doesn't need to be uniform across the whole region, defining function doesn't  need                               to exist  Vernacular­ Perception: "The South", "The Snowbelt", "Appalachia"  Maps are the tool of geography and are assembled based on coordinates  Divisions of coordinates­ Degrees, minutes, and seconds  60 minutes per degree, 60 seconds per minute  Coordinates are written Latitude (N or S) first, Longitude (E or W) second  Four Earth Realms/The Spheres­ Atmosphere, Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, and Biosphere  Atmosphere­ Gaseous layer surrounding the Earth and supplies the elements needed to sustain life  Lithosphere­ Earth's crust and a portion of the upper mantle below the crust, is the outermost solid  layer providing a platform for most lifeforms  Hydrosphere­ The abiotic open system that includes Earth's water and the water cycle  Biosphere­ The intricate, interconnected web that links all organisms with their physical  environment. Includes the surfaces of the lands and the upper 100 meters or so of the ocean  Natural systems and processes involved in physical geography are considered to operate within  these four great spheres


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