Communication notes week one chapter 3
Communication notes week one chapter 3 CMST 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brenda Ware on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CMST 101 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Allison D. Brenneise in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
What is Public Advocacy? (42-47). There are two central truths about communicating with others “We believe that all communication with others has effects”Pra (43) “We believe it is our ethical responsibility to advocate with others for the world as we wish it to be, a world that desires the best of us all”.(43) Three key concepts that help explain Freire’s piece as advocacy, seeking to create meaning and not just speak to people about things you see as an issue. Problem Posing: the ability for others to realize that they can indeed change lives, communities and worlds. Reflexivity: reflecting in a sense that allows us to be able to think about how we as people participate in “social systems” that do both help and harm Praxis: “acting and reflecting on the world in order to transform it “ ( Freire 2000, p. 36). Understanding that what you say can have a direct impact on your audience, so be careful as to how you phrase things when speaking to people Example: using “these ladies” as opposed to “women” when referring to females going to court for sexual harassment cases. Listening as Public Advocacy(48-53) Freire tell us that we must position ourselves to speakers to relate with our audience. In order for our audience to understand what we are trying to say we must have some type of relation with the members of the audience. The speaker must be reflexive in delivering a message. The learners must have some knowledge in order for the message to be delivered. Hegemony-the process of granting some group with more power and privilege the ability to shape our worldviews, attitudes, beliefs, etc. (pg 48) Ex: The concerns of women's clothing. Women might wear high heels and plunging necklines for the male gaze. This can make them seem like objects to others. Unearned privilege- something we can’t control because of our racial/ethnic, gender or other group. Some people have more privileges than other people in a different group. Some people are don’t know how much privilege they have, and they don’t want to accept the fact that they are more privileged. How can we challenge new perspectives so we can better understand these things To understand differences between yourself and someone else, you need to be aware of the different kinds of social norms and how they affect others. But it is very difficult to do so at the same time. Being open and honest as well as compassionate is key. Compassionate Critical Listening -Compassionate critical listening happens when you aren’t necessarily interested in a subject but you listen anyway. -The book talks about how you should stay away from “exclusionary language” because it can severely damage a speaker’s credibility. The most important thing to do as listeners is to understand the conditions which we listen by. -Make sure you stay paying attention and stay empathetic. Dialogic Communication -When having a conversation with someone you should keep your own beliefs and values but also listen to what the other person has to say about theirs. Public Advocacy: Integrity in Argumentation (54-60) This part in the chapter gives us an outline of what we must do to be a public advocacy speaker or figure. Not only do we need to do the obvious and speak, but that listening is just as big of a role. Not only can we just speak and name our desires, but we also must listen and think as we respond to others and their desires. -Reasoning At all costs you should avoid using logical fallacies. A logical fallacy is a mistake in reasoning. It renders the argument incomplete. Poor reasoning can make people shy away from change. If we shy away from this type of mistake by knowing not to use it, we will also be more likely to spot it in someone else’s communication. A common fallacy is the slippery slope: if one event happens then a whole series of events will happen Ad hominem: attacking the opponent instead of their reasoning or the problem at hand Other forms of logical fallacies such as: straw person arguments, red herring fallacy All of these fallacies generate mistrust -toulmin's model is one of the most effective ways to think about logic of reasoning. It isolates three parts of the effective argument A claim - something we believe to be true or false right or wrong Evidence to support the claim - stats, examples, testimony Warrant - connective tissue that links the evidence to a claim -deductive and inductive reasoning Deductive reasoning is formal logic where someone makes a larger claims through a series of hypothesis Inductive reasoning is informal logic in which someone moves specific instances to broader conclusions. In this case it is likely not certain. In conclusion: It is our responsibility to speak advocately about our beliefs and interests. However, the responsibility of being an advocate speaker goes beyond being clear on what we mean or even being polite to our listeners and opponents. We have a responsibility to the matters that mean something to us and even the matters that do not. We should always be prepared when speaking, especially to an audience. You never know how what you say and how you say it may change other’s thoughts and in turn change the problem that you are facing.
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