Social Psychology Chapter 3 Notes
Social Psychology Chapter 3 Notes Psy 321
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephanie on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psy 321 at University of Mississippi taught by Carrie Smith in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology at University of Mississippi.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
PSY 321: Social Psychology Chapter 3: Social Cognition and Social Perception I. What is social cognition? a. Definition: The process of thinking about and making sense of oneself and others b. Three core processes i. Attention 1. When you encounter someone you pay attention to certain things about them 2. It is a limited resource a. You can’t pay attention to everything b. What you and what someone else pays attention to is different ii. Interpretation/ Judgment 1. How we interpret what we pay attention to and how it applies to other people 2. What does it mean if someone does something iii. Memory 1. What you remember about what you paid attention to II. Object v. People social perception a. How is perceiving/ thinking about people different than perceiving objects? i. People are far more complex than objects ii. Perception in people is mutual iii. We might change our behavior when other people see us, but not with objects iv. Everything we need to know about objects is directly observable but it is not like that with people v. People change over time while objects change less over time and across situations III. Types of thinking a. Automatic thinking i. Unconscious, involuntary, unintentional, and effortless ii. Your brain is thinking even if you are not making it 1. Basically your brains goes on autopilot b. Controlled thinking i. Conscious, voluntary, intentional, and effortful 1. Ex: Studying, finding a solution c. Both are important to social cognition IV. Schemas a. Definition: A mental structure that people use to organize their knowledge about the world i. Think of a filing cabinet 1. We have schemas for all types of things b. Types of schemas i. Person schemas 1. Schema for a particular person a. You have expectations for that person 2. You have schemas for people that you’ve never met but you’re aware of and know about them ii. Selfschemas 1. Mental representations of ourselves 2. We have expectations of ourselves iii. Role schemas 1. We know about people because of their groups 2. Achieved groups a. Groups of people we have chosen to join and schemas we get from them 3. Ascribed groups a. Groups we are born into b. Ex: Gender, race 4. These are also known as stereotypes V. What do schemas do? a. Assist us in understanding i. When we are given iffy information schemas fill in the blanks b. Guide our attention i. They help us pick out what to pay attention to c. Aids our memory
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