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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Savannah Pope on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 2110 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Conner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
Survey of United States History 2110 Week 1 Spain and France in the New World Central Americas 20 million, large region Aztecs, Warrior Tribe = conquering and subjugating of neighbors. Conquer tribes, then force tribute giving (crops, cattle, medals, prisoners for labor**) RELIGION practice is gory, captured prisoners = sacrifice for gods. Eastern Woodland smaller region, 5 million, spread out Creeks, Cherokee, Iroquois = farmers, permanent settlers 1400’s Europe Shift towards merchant, commercialized society. West Europe – route to Asia around Italian middlemen (Italy rules trading post from Europe to Asia) Protestant Reformation, creates rivalry – England + Spain = Catholic Hernando Cortez, Spanish conquistador 19 upon arrival in New World, builds reputation for 15 years. Leaves with 800 soldiers, lands in Mexico. Seizes Aztec Empire in 18 months; Disease kills many, advanced weaponry, steel armor and swords, horses (psychological effects really take down Natives) Native tribes who fear Aztec ally w/Cortez. Justification in taking down empire – demonic practices of worship. Pope says all land in the New World belongs to Spain, given by God. Wrote proclamation to be read to Natives, and given time to respond. Two choices; renounce their religious ways and not die if they choose to follow God, follow through with their daily and not renounce their religion and die. Encomienda – labor policy = reward for conquistadors, captured land of Natives given to soldiers in return for protection (Natives must also be Christians) H/e Soldiers exploit Natives for labor = death (overexertion, disease) Spanish colonization = forced labor and death, violent colonization French Colonization French looking to convert, choose to build alliance for fur trade (no forcing of religion upon Natives) Columbian Exchange – transfer of ideologies, commerce and society from Old World to New World Consequences of the Fur Trade – Natives want European weapons to conquer other Natives lands for their hunting animals, to make more money in trade.
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