General Psychology Lecture Notes
General Psychology Lecture Notes PSYC 166
Popular in General Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Molly Harty on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 166 at Truman State University taught by Costa in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Truman State University.
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Date Created: 09/02/16
BACKGROUND ON PSYCHOLOGY I. Primitive A. What kind of science? 1. Behavioral Science B. Had a lot to do with spirits and visions 1. Both good and bad visions 2. They did everything together, so the spirits acted just like humans II. Early Greeks A. Not very scientific 1. Everything but science was very high in the culture 2. Contributed to a lot except science B. Plato 1. Conceived that everybody had a soul a) This soul was a mini model of the Greek City State b) Reason ruled over desire 2. Evil was caused by a revolt of the lower elements a) The lower elements revolted against reason C. Aristotle 1. Closest thing to a scientist at the time III. Medieval Approach A. All truth, knowledge, light came from the Church B. After the mid 13th century, the works of Aristotle Became more common for knowledge and truth C. Galileo was criticized by people 1. Opened the door to true scientific observation by the invention of the telescope IV. Middle Ages-Modern Time (Renaissance) A. Francis Bacon 1. Social psychologist, but didn’t know it 2. Interested in EVERYTHING about the human behavior 3. Strong and practical study 4. “Father of Social Psychology B. DesCartes 1. Religious 2. Did not trust anything of his senses a) “I think, therefore I am” 3. “Your mind and your body only interact at one fine point in the body” a) At the base of the brain, the Pineal Gland b) A person can become sensitive to PG c) Heavily criticized by Dewey V. Experimental Physiology A. Van Helmholtz PSYCHOLOGY (1879) I. 1879 is became its own science A. Wilhelm Wundt 1. Study of why people behave the way they do II. HEREDITY*TIME*ENVIRONMENT= DEVELOPMENTAL LEVEL III. Types of Psychologists A. Structuralists 1. Study of conscious experience B. Behavioralists 1. Watson, Pavlov, Thorndike 2. Watson is the MAIN GUY 3. Study of the behavior visible to the naked eye which the believed was determined by A Complex System of Independent Stimulus Response Comes C. Gestalt School 1. Max Wertenheimen, Koffka, Kohler, Perls came later on 2. The whole is worth more than a sum of its parts 3. As therapists, they are VERY confrontational IV. Famous Psychologists A. Edward Titchener 1. Very famous American Psychologist B. Sigmund Freud 1. Focused on 4 main basic principles a) Early Childhood Experiences b) Unconcious Motivation/Mental Process c) PsychoSexual Stages d) The Structure of the Personality C. B.F. Skinner 1. Behavior Modification 2. Behaviorist 3. Added to Watson’s ideas 4. Skinner Box a) His own daughter’s room was VERY similar to the Skinner Box b) Box training mice to act a certain way according to stimuli D. Piaget 1. Wrote everything in French 2. Focused on Child Development a) Cognitive Psychology E. Francis Galton 1. Functionalist 2. Human abilities/Individual Difference
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