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ART 266 Lecture Notes for Monday 8/29

by: Ayana Hyberger

ART 266 Lecture Notes for Monday 8/29 ART 266

Marketplace > University of Nevada - Las Vegas > ART 266 > ART 266 Lecture Notes for Monday 8 29
Ayana Hyberger

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About this Document

These notes cover the first lecture. I will update them soon so they are more organized.
Art History 3
Amy Louisa McDonald
Class Notes
Art, history, Art History




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ayana Hyberger on Friday September 2, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 266 at University of Nevada - Las Vegas taught by Amy Louisa McDonald in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 09/02/16
SOUTH / S.E. ASIA    *KEEP A RULER BESIDE THE BOOK TO VISUALIZE EACH ART PIECE AND GAUGE  PHYSICAL PRESENCE   *STYLIZED ­ Creating specific kinds of distortions (cubic, exaggerated features) in order  to express something     India & Pakistan   ● Year of split into 2 different countries? A:   ● Culturally separated by religion (India: Hindu/Indian ­ Pakistan: Islamic)  ● Late ​Neolithic­Bronze Age​ ; highly developed urban culture   ○ Development of different ​ceramics​/containers for cooking/etc   ○ Mined ores, pulverized and melted f​ ronze ​(stronger than ceramic)   ○ Stone / Mud Bricks​ (Stone more available to Egyptians)   ■ What materials were available at the time?  ○ These technologies spread / Human development at a similar pace (collective  human conscious)   ○ INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION   ■ Urban: public baths, pools, roads, etc, made of baked red brick    ■ STUDY GUIDE #1   ● Robed male figure from Mohenjo­daro, Pakistan  ● Ca. 2600­1900 BCE  ● Steatite, 6 ⅞” high   ● National Museum of Pakistan, Karachi   ● Wearing accessories (jewelry), patterned clothing (robe), eyes  closed ­ serene expression, perhaps a person of status, clean  shaved beard and hair, poised  ● Style ­ Rounded and clean cut, large features in regards to human  proportions (head, lips, eyes, etc)  ● Could be priest, could be ruler, etc  ● Not far from Mesopotamia, another developed civilization   ■ Nude male torso from Harappa, Pakistan   ● Ca. 2000­1900 BCE  ● Compared to robed male figure, completely different style  ● Indigenous style of naturalism   ● Red sandstone, 3 ¾ “ high   ● National Museum, New Delhi  ● Style ­ More realistic proportions  ○ Curved, round, toned form (Similar to the body of those  who do yoga) (suggests hinduism?)  ● Various indentations / breaks with nothing currently in there  ○ Possibly multiple limbs, jewels, etc  ■ Cast Bronze Copper Dancing girl   ● Naked, but with jewelry  ● Very skinny and stylized with long limbs  ■ “Fertility Goddess”   ● Naked aside from elaborate headdress and accessories   ■ Square seal stamps   ● Steatite coated with alkali and baked   ● Approx 1 ⅜ “ square   ● Depicts seated figure with antlers, animals (tigers, bulls, etc)  ● Compared to cylindrical seals in Mesopotamia    ● Early art forms compared with Near Eastern and Egyptian arts of the same period   ● Indigenous beliefs lead into Buddhist and Hindu beliefs  ● Developing Belief Systems of India  ○ Aryan Conquest of India (Aryan Invasion)   ■ C. 1500 BC  ● Invaders “conquest” of Dravidian Culture (displaced and  absorbed) created Vedic Culture   ○ VEDAS: ​religious knowledge written in Sanskrit  (C.1500­800 BCE)  ○ UPANISHADS:​ (C.800­500 BCE) religious texts containing  ideas (samsara, karma, moksha (nirvana)   ■ Hinduism: ​ an outgrowth of indigenous beliefs  coupled with the Vedas and Upanishads (between  800­500 BCE)  ■ Buddhism: a​  reaction to indigenous beliefs started  by the preaching of Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)  (after 500 BCE)  ● Hinduism and Buddhism related, but not in  views of deities  ● We only know what we find or what is  documented   ○ Buddhist Art and Architecture in the Early Dynasties  ■ King Ashoka (first Buddhist ruler) ­ Maurya Dynasty   ● Ornate Capitals (Ashoka’s Free­standing pillars)   ○ long pillars with ornate tops   ○ Used to show off power and intentions in rules  ● STUPA (symbolic grave mound)  ○ King Ashoka found the ashes of Buddha and made a stupa  with them  ● First Buddha image ­ Kushan Dynasty   ○ King of Kushan ­ Not Indian, conquered N. India  ○ Ordered to have statues of Buddha made  ● Two distinct styles of Buddhist art  ○ Gandhara (Kushan style, Northern India)  ○ Mathura (Southern India)  ● Buddhist iconography     


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