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Geography Week 2 Notes

by: Lilli Ames

Geography Week 2 Notes GR 1123

Lilli Ames
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

Final notes on North America for exam! Read over the book too
intro to world Geography
Christopher Nunley
Class Notes
geography, North, America
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lilli Ames on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GR 1123 at Mississippi State University taught by Christopher Nunley in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see intro to world Geography in Geography at Mississippi State University.


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Date Created: 09/03/16
Intro to World Geography Week 2 notes: Also read chapter 3 in your book Day 5 Takeaways: - There are several western mountain ranges: • Sierra-Nevada • Coastal Range • Cascade Mountains • Rocky Mountains • Coastal Mountains - Sierra-Nevada Mountains are not volcanic; impact the weather in Las Vegas - Coastal Ranges formed from transform plate boundary - Rockies are one of the most massive mountain ranges in the world - Cascades and Coastal Mountains are volcanic - Tallest peak in North America in Mt. Denali at 20,320ft - Christopher Columbus landed on San Salvador Island in 1492. He was not the first man on this land, however. It was the Lucian Indians. - Leif Erikson discovered the North American Continent before Columbus - Paleoindians came to North America from Asia around 14,000 years ago on the land bridge called Beringia. Day 6 Takeaways: - The Kennewick Man (“The Ancient One”) is over 9,000 years old • Discovered in Washington, genetically linked to modern-day Native Americans, and well intact - The Poverty Point “Earthworks” showed how Native Americans became more sophisticated and less nomadic 1 • Discovered in northeastern Louisiana, several “Earthworks” discovered in Mississippi Delta due to fertile lands. - The oldest continually occupied city in the United States is St. Augustine • Established in 1565 by the Spanish, and was to serve the Spanish Empire by defending the primary trade route to Europe • U.S. acquired this city in 1819 and it is now a national park - Santá Fe was established around 1607 and was the “Kingdom of New Mexico” By 1848, Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, giving the United States • authority over parts of New Mexico, California, Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, and Utah, and also set the Rio Grande as the Boundary of Texas. - The French settled in Northeast, and near large bodies of water/rivers • Developed good (trade) relationship with Native Americans - French and Indian War took place from 1754 to 1763 • The Native Americans and Spain allied with the French • The French lost (as well as their allies) and much of their territory was annexed Day 7 Takeaways: - NAFTA is an economic trade agreement between Mexico, the United States, and Canada. • Both Democrats and Republicans initially thought positively about NAFTA. • Has increased trade between the three countries. - The 13 Colonies were divided into 3 Cultural Hearths: New England Colonies/North, Midland Colonies/Middle, and the Southern Colonies. North: primarily to support Puritans. Economy was driven by whaling, fishing, and • timber. Cold climate killed many; coupled with rocky soils made agriculture relatively non-productive. • Middle: more ‘liberal’ and religious freedom. Agriculture was the primary economical force. • South: Agriculture was the primary economical force. Due to warm climate, more diseases were common in this area. 2 - The United States gained independence in 1783. - By 1865, the United States saw a vast increase in its territory, population, and economy. - Homestead Act granted land (160 acres) to farmers. • Several caveats, however - Cherokee Strip Land Run of 1893—BOOMER SOONER - A megalopolis is typically defined as a chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas —sometimes called a supercity. - Manufacturing Belt and Industrial Revolution - St. Lawrence Seaway: a system of locks, canals, and channels linking the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River with the Atlantic Ocean. • Economically important - Economic urbanization stages: Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary. 3


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