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SYG 1000 Ch.1 Part 2

by: Cristina Rodriguez

SYG 1000 Ch.1 Part 2 SYG 1000

Marketplace > Florida Atlantic University > SYG 1000 > SYG 1000 Ch 1 Part 2
Cristina Rodriguez

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SYG 1000 Ch.1 Part 2
Intro Sociology
Gina Lukasik
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cristina Rodriguez on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SYG 1000 at Florida Atlantic University taught by Gina Lukasik in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 60 views.


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Date Created: 09/03/16
A. LEVELS OF ANALYSIS ­ Macro = the studying of large social structures without referring to the interaction of the individuals involved. ­ Micro = the studying of interactions between individuals ­ Macro study example – education, healthcare ­ Micro study example – scientist study how people of different culture interact.  Mostly how they greet people for the first time. B. SKILLS ­ Critical thinking ­ Data Analysis = statistics; interviewing, etc. ­ Diversity ­ Subfields III. EUROPEAN ORIGINS OF SOCIOLOGY A. COMTE ­ The founder of sociology ­ Social Statics = stability and order ­ Can look at Social Statics from a macro or even a micro perspective ­ Example of Micro Social Statics – the class room setting ­ Example of Macro Social Statics – either how a country keeps order or even  how a family keeps order ­ Social Dynamics = social change B. MARTINEAU Feminist Theory Was a social activist Pushed for the rights of women and worked to abolish slavery C. SPENCER  = most scientist reject his ideas ­ Social Darwinism = survival of the fittest ­ If you are not making it in society, it’s your fault and you screwed up ­ You screwed up in one of two ways ­ Biological inferiority = biological are stupid ­ Cultural inferiority = your life style sucks D. MARX ­ Conflict Theory ­ Power and Inequality ­ Bourgeoisie = the people who own the means of production (people who have a  lot of money and power) ­ Proletariat = the people who sell their labor for wages (people who don’t have a  lot of money or power) ­ (“haves”) vs. (“have nots”) E. DURKHEIM ­ Functionalism ­ Wrote a whole book about Suicide ­ Studied suicide in a macro way ­ Pre­industrial vs. Industrial  ­ Pre­industrial = [farming, close family] mechanical solidarity (people are  interdependent because they share similar values) ­ Industrial = [factories, families start to spread out] organic solidarity (people  are interdependent because they rely on each other economically)  ­ Remember how mechanical and organic solidarity goes remember MO F. WEBER ­ Verstehen = empathy (you put yourself in someone else’s shoes) ­ You got to see where someone is coming from (their point of view) IV. AMERICAN ORIGINS OF SOCIOLOGY A. ADDAMS ­ Worked with the elderly, immigrants and the poop B. DUBOIS ­ Studied how blacks were affected by society V. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES A. FUNCTIONALISM ­ Durkheim is associated with functionalism ­ Functionalism is a Macro study ­ Functionalist say that if different parts of society are interrelated, just like the  human body, so a change in one part of society will lead to change in other parts  too ­ Very positive / optimistic ­ Manifest = are functions that intended and are recognized (ex. You go to a hospital to get better) ­ Latent = less recognized (ex. A hospital provided jobs) C. CONFLICT THEORY ­ Marx is associated with Conflict Theory ­ Conflict Theory is a Macro study ­ Power and inequality ­ Critical FEMINIST THEORY ­ Martineau is associated with Feminist Theory ­ Feminist Theory is a Macro study ­ Gender inequality is built into social institutions ­ Critical D. SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM ­ Symbolic Interactionism is a Micro study ­ Interactions between individuals are based on mutually understood symbol ­ Impression Management / Dramaturgy = we changed the way we act based on  who we are around (ex. Hospital bedside manor) ­ Goffman coined the term Dramaturgy * FEMINIST THEORY ­  This Feminist Theory is a Micro study ­ Interactions between individuals are affected by gender ­ On average men invade the space of women more often the women invading the  space of men 


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