SYG 1000 Ch.1 Part 2
SYG 1000 Ch.1 Part 2 SYG 1000
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cristina Rodriguez on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SYG 1000 at Florida Atlantic University taught by Gina Lukasik in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 60 views.
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Date Created: 09/03/16
A. LEVELS OF ANALYSIS Macro = the studying of large social structures without referring to the interaction of the individuals involved. Micro = the studying of interactions between individuals Macro study example – education, healthcare Micro study example – scientist study how people of different culture interact. Mostly how they greet people for the first time. B. SKILLS Critical thinking Data Analysis = statistics; interviewing, etc. Diversity Subfields III. EUROPEAN ORIGINS OF SOCIOLOGY A. COMTE The founder of sociology Social Statics = stability and order Can look at Social Statics from a macro or even a micro perspective Example of Micro Social Statics – the class room setting Example of Macro Social Statics – either how a country keeps order or even how a family keeps order Social Dynamics = social change B. MARTINEAU Feminist Theory Was a social activist Pushed for the rights of women and worked to abolish slavery C. SPENCER = most scientist reject his ideas Social Darwinism = survival of the fittest If you are not making it in society, it’s your fault and you screwed up You screwed up in one of two ways Biological inferiority = biological are stupid Cultural inferiority = your life style sucks D. MARX Conflict Theory Power and Inequality Bourgeoisie = the people who own the means of production (people who have a lot of money and power) Proletariat = the people who sell their labor for wages (people who don’t have a lot of money or power) (“haves”) vs. (“have nots”) E. DURKHEIM Functionalism Wrote a whole book about Suicide Studied suicide in a macro way Preindustrial vs. Industrial Preindustrial = [farming, close family] mechanical solidarity (people are interdependent because they share similar values) Industrial = [factories, families start to spread out] organic solidarity (people are interdependent because they rely on each other economically) Remember how mechanical and organic solidarity goes remember MO F. WEBER Verstehen = empathy (you put yourself in someone else’s shoes) You got to see where someone is coming from (their point of view) IV. AMERICAN ORIGINS OF SOCIOLOGY A. ADDAMS Worked with the elderly, immigrants and the poop B. DUBOIS Studied how blacks were affected by society V. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES A. FUNCTIONALISM Durkheim is associated with functionalism Functionalism is a Macro study Functionalist say that if different parts of society are interrelated, just like the human body, so a change in one part of society will lead to change in other parts too Very positive / optimistic Manifest = are functions that intended and are recognized (ex. You go to a hospital to get better) Latent = less recognized (ex. A hospital provided jobs) C. CONFLICT THEORY Marx is associated with Conflict Theory Conflict Theory is a Macro study Power and inequality Critical FEMINIST THEORY Martineau is associated with Feminist Theory Feminist Theory is a Macro study Gender inequality is built into social institutions Critical D. SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM Symbolic Interactionism is a Micro study Interactions between individuals are based on mutually understood symbol Impression Management / Dramaturgy = we changed the way we act based on who we are around (ex. Hospital bedside manor) Goffman coined the term Dramaturgy * FEMINIST THEORY This Feminist Theory is a Micro study Interactions between individuals are affected by gender On average men invade the space of women more often the women invading the space of men
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