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AAH week (2) Lecture Notes

by: Ian Notetaker

AAH week (2) Lecture Notes AAH 1010

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Covers important vocabulary and cultural facts for ancient near east civilizations (i.e; Sumeria, Assyria, Neo-Sumeria, Babylonian, Neo-Babylonian *theres more to it than just the cover image so...
Survey of Art and Architectural History I
Beth A. Lauritis
Class Notes
Culture, Art, history
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ian Notetaker on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AAH 1010 at Clemson University taught by Beth A. Lauritis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Survey of Art and Architectural History I in Arts and Humanities at Clemson University.

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Date Created: 09/03/16
AAHLectureNotes Week 3: 8/30/2016 – 9/1/2016 Vocabulary - Plan o Aerial view of an architectural concept (building) - Section. o Partial construction of an architectural concept (building). - Pure landscape o A work that contains only landscape (no humans, buildings, animals). - Post and Lintel o Two posts with a topping piece laying horizontally across the two posts (ex. Stonehenge) - Register o Bands of material (as in a vase with multiple designs) - Hierarchic Scale o Set form of power structure (as in gods, politics, etc.) - Conceptual view o Of an idea in your head - Optical view o Something you see via your eyes - Votive figure o Religious offering Great stone tower (Jericho)  The things humans build in their cities (whether art or buildings) relate to the current events of the era. o They would not need a tower or a wall if there was no danger to the city.  Difficult construction such as this also represents the community’s tenacity, since they galvanized a workforce large enough to construct it. Restored view (section level VI)  Designs of Neolithic structures, as with the tower in Jericho, start to incorporate defenses into their cities as they build dwellings because the begin to settle. o The rise of agriculture and early civilizations. Newgrange Grave Gallery  The idea of moving massive stone blocks to create religious sites was common during the Neolithic era. o The effort that it takes to move the massive stones means that the sites must have been important since the construction would take great effort. Aerial view of Stonehenge  Monolithic religious structures are common in the Neolithic era; the moving of the massive stones lead to the conclusion that the site is importance. o The stones weigh several tons and are moved close to 100 miles away from north wales.  What Stonehenge was built for is unknown, but there are many theories. o For example, there is ample evidence that it was a burial ground. Ancient Near East  Area containing many of the early ancient Civilization. o Sumeria o Mesopotamia o Babylon o Etc.  Built mainly in the fertile crescent, the area between Euphrates and tigrese rives. o The advent of agriculture, because the population was dependent on the farmland for food. o Flooding caused the creation of sophisticated canal and irrigation systems for farming. o The building of cities leads to the development of written language.  Kings were below gods since they were their representatives on the mortal plain. o Means that kings were not divine and were limited by religion Akkadian Culture  Seen as the first empire in human history  Thought to succeed Sumerian culture o Spoke a different language, but many cultural similarities  Conquered by Neo-Sumerians  Divine Rulers (unlike Babylonian and Sumerian culture) Babylonian Culture  First set of written laws (Hammurabi Code)  Follows Sumerian and Neo Sumerian view of rules (that the gods rule through favored rulers) o Rulers are not divine unlike Akkadian culture Assyrian and Neo Babylonian  Use of animals in statues for protection


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