Rels 2001, Week 2 Notes
Rels 2001, Week 2 Notes Rels 2001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Raymond Apperson on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Rels 2001 at Georgia State University taught by Kennedy in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
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Date Created: 09/03/16
Judaism and Genesis 12 Scripture The Tanakh and The Talmud The Tanakh is the Torah, or the Pentateuch. These are the First 5 Books of the Bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy). The Nevi’im is made up of the Scriptures of the Prophets. For example, this would include Joshua, Samuel, Isaiah, Ezekiel, and many more. The Kethuvim are other writings. This includes Ruth, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Psalms and Proverbs. The Talmud is about Hebrew law. It contains the teachings of many Jewish rabbis. Judaism is an old religion, and it’s influential in our politics. For example, some of the Ten Commandments are our laws, such as “Do not murder” and “Do not steal.” Hebrew Scripture Structure 1 Torah (First Five Books of the Bible) 2 Neviim (Isaiah, Amos, Joel) 3 Kethuvim All other Writings The Pentateuch Moses was said to be the Writer, but there are other ideas of where this scripture came from (because Moses’s death is in his own writing). 1. For example, the scripture is said to come from different oral traditions. 2. Scripture is apparently similar to Mesopotamian texts. 3. “2 Creation Stories” Priestly and Yahwist Source 4. Exile For example, Moses leading the Israelites out of Slavery in Egypt. 5. Covenants Abraham established a covenant, Noah did as well. Jewish Stories in Scripture Abraham was called “the father of all nations.” Genesis 26:14 “I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and will give them all these lands, and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed.” 1. He showed his faithfulness through circumcision. He also did this by almost sacrificing his son Isaac when God told him that Abraham’s descendants would be as numerous as “the stars in the sky.” 2. Sarah, Hagar, Ishmael, Isaac. Abraham and Sarah were told they would have a child, but they tried many times and didn’t. As a result, Abraham slept with Hagar (after Sarah told him to do so) and then Sarah had Ishmael. After that, Sarah had another child, who was Isaac. Through all of this, Abraham trusted God that his wife would have a child. 3. Judaism Monotheistic (One God). Exiles and Temples Archaeological evidence found from around 700 BCE. The Kings Saul, David and Solomon 1 temple was built in 950 BCE. Temple destroyed in 586 BCE, thanks to the Babylonians. After 50 years, some returned to their homeland, but not most. This is called a Diaspora, where the Jews were scattered outside Palestine. The 2 Temple was destroyed in 70 CE. Rabbinic Judaism Rabbi= Jewish/Spiritual Leader Because the temple was destroyed, synagogues were built to replace it. 1. Taught the Torah heavily 2. Midrashrabbinic literature. 3. Talmud was created (the Hebrew Law, look at page 1). Despite constant oppression, Rabbinic Judaism grew significantly. How are Jewish Texts Dated? Emic view (Insiders) Torah (the law) was completely given by God on Mount Sinai. Genesis was together the entire time, and there are no contradictions. Etic View (Outsiders) 1. Oral stories passed on by different cultures 2. The texts were changed and evolved over time. The Torah came before the Neviim (Prophets) and Kethuvim (other writings) The Creation Story (Hebrew Scriptures Genesis) Two Creation Stories? Genesis 1:24 7 Day Sequence, Earth/ Heavens (“In the beginning God created the heavens and the Earth”), Animals, Man and woman created. Genesis 2:5 (Genesis 2 gives more specific details about creation) Earth and Heavens, Adam 1 (created out of dirt), then the Garden of Eden which had trees and plants, then Animals (which Adam names because God tells/allows him to do so), and Women, which Adam names Eve. As Adam was sleeping, according to Genesis God took a rib from Adam and made Eve from it. Are there Differences between Gen 1 and 2? It Depends on your Perspective. “Different Orders of Creation.” The question that you could ask is “Does it really matter?” Different Hebrew terms Elohim and Yahweh. Different Understandings of God? Elohim and YHWH Elohim, Gen 1:24 1. Newer(550 400 BCE) 2. P source=Priestly (which is different from other nonPriestly sources). YHWH Gen 2:5 Older J source, can be compared to Babylonian, Sumerian, and Canaanite oral traditions Characteristics 1. Contains human temptation, more punishment, anthropomorphic (meaning, applying human characteristics to someone or something that isn’t human). 2. Has the Flood, Tower of Babel (God confuses the languages of the people after they try to build a tower that would go up to Heaven), Cain and Abel.
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