Lecture Notes Week of 3/24/15
Lecture Notes Week of 3/24/15 POLISCI 121
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Linda Jiang on Thursday March 26, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLISCI 121 at University of Massachusetts taught by Vincent Ferraro in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see World Politics in Political Science at University of Massachusetts.
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Date Created: 03/26/15
3241 5 o DDay Allied invasion in Normandy o Stalin believes that the US and Britain wants Germany to do as much damage as possible The Quadripartite Agreement 0 4 part agreement between allies and Germany 0 Divide Germany into West and East Germany 0 West is divided into three parts that is distributed to Britain France and US 0 East belongs to USSR 0 Allies divide Berlin to west and east that is also divided by 4 parts 0 guarantees that the trains and highways between west Berlin and west Germany will always remain open I won t be any interference with transportation I but that is false the soviets logistically control everything 0 1947 Brits French and US want a new German currency 0 Soviets want Germany to remain poor so they dislike the new currency Stalin cuts all transportation from Berlin to West Germany Truman sends airplanes carrying food and supplies to West Berlin US amp Japan 0 Japanese Strategy 0 strike hard and destroy American Pacific fleet 0 set up ring of islands and fortify each one 0 make Americans fight every single tiny island Japanese refused to surrender not part of their tradition Amphibious attack on islands Atomic Bomb started by Roosevelt o Einstein s letter about Germans bomb 0 Manhattan Project designed to be used against the Germans o Truman realizes he can end the war in Japan without an invasion I Can end the war without any Soviet help I Americans can take over Japan all to themselves Japanese wants to keep their Emperor Democratic states don t start wars Authoritarian states start wars August 15 Japanese hear the voice of the emperor for the first time o Gives a speech on the radio and stops the war Effects of the War 0 Line between civilians and soldiers are blurred o Horrific civilian casualties c There is no way an atomic bomb can be simply a military objective 0 The dropping of the bomb raised a very stark contrast 0 What is the obligation of a human being 0 Trumans obligation to protect his own or should Truman have changed his lens I Responsible as a citizen of war 0 Korea Becomes free after the war 0 Soviets get North Korea 0 US gets South Korea 32615 After World War II 0 US and Soviets are the only ones left of the world powers 0 The world is in chaos o The Soviets are closer to everything the US wants 0 The other powers depended heavily on the middle east for transports Roosevelt had to reconstruct world order Welsh says that because the US was not involved in the reconstruction of the world after WWI history repeated can t make the same mistake again Hegemony amp UN amp Roosevelt o The US must be engaged in the reconstruction of the liberal world order 0 The US must create an indirect form of control 0 Hegemony Indirect control over world order without sending troops over territory abroad 0 emphasizes the economic connections of the world order 0 Political Hegemony o is exercised through the UN 1944 o The first use of force is outlawed in states 0 the only legitimate power that can authorize the use of force is the UN security force 0 When US attacked Iraq it was done illegally o Coalition of the willy o Tried to say that multiple countries wanted to attack Iraq as well 0 Bush was not able to get the 15 votes to legally justify the attack on Iraq You are free to self defense The political logic of the UN is very similar to the liberal logic underlying the US government No one is coerced into joining the UN unless they choose to do so Economic Hegemony o Is exercised through the Bretton Woods 1944 0 Created 3 institutions to regulate world order I international monetary fund 0 regulating the currencies of the world in order to stabilize the market 0 Acts as the institutional gold standard makes sure currencies don t fluctuate I World Bank 0 Set up to provide capital to stimulate economic growth 0 US was the primary source of the world bank in the beginning 0 Marshal Plan 0 Proposes that US sends 14 Billion to Europe o Stimulates spending on American made products from Europeans 0 World Trade Organization I Wanted to enforce free trade I GAT a place where states would talk about their tariffs I 1992 revision of the GAT 0 goes back to the original plan 0 Mutual Self lnterest drives the World order A half of loaf is better than none Truman o The US must become a superpower in order to contain the Soviet Union