The Southern Colonies
The Southern Colonies HIST 1311
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Angela Dela Llana
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Angela Dela Llana on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Stephen Maizlish in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.
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Date Created: 09/03/16
HIST 1311 The Southern Colonies I. Was There a Colonial South? A. Chesapeake Society B. Carolina Society C. The “Back Parts” II. White Servants A. Recruitment B. Atlantic Journey C. Sale D. Life in Servitude E. Life in Freedom Was There a Colonial South? There were three different regions in the colonial south: Chesapeake Society, Carolina Society, Chesapeake Society the west. s and water falls. This prevented water vessels from traveling any further west. At the time, transportation on anything except water was very difficult. The population of Chesapeake Society was around 470,000 people, with 55 percent being white settlers and 45 percent being African slaves. Many of the white settlers at the time were indentured servants. Tobacco was their main product. It was a new product at the time. Chesapeake Society had very little need for towns because the region was right next to the Atlantic Ocean. Instead of taking the tobacco to other nearby towns to trade, sellers could just ship it directly to England. Because there was no need for towns, people in Chesapeake Society lived isolated lives. (It is said that the habit of Southern hospitality came from the need to socialize due to their isolation.) People in Chesapeake Society would have large families, with distant cousins intermarrying. Religion was a social function, a time when people would gather. Overall, there was very little town life. Notes by Angela Dela Llana The population of Carolina Society was around 97,000 people, with 26 percent being white settlers and 74 percent being African slaves. Since the area was swampy, the main crop was rice. or wide enough to transport goods, they did need towns. Charleston was a gathering place. Because of the busy town life, there was a lot of disease like yellow fever. The population of the was around 250,000 people, with 100 percent being white settlers. It was a mountainous area. The soil was rocky, so not much could be planted. Thus, there was no need for slaves. White Servants For the first 100 years after the first English settlers came to America, most of the labor was done by indentured servants. For the recruitment of indentured servants, prospective workers who would eventually become indentured servants signed a promise of indenture. Not all indentured servants volunteered to make the Atlantic journey. money by recruiting indentured servants could force them to go through kidnapping and other means. The journey through the Atlantic was very difficult and many indentured servants died. Indentured servants could be sold and rented. Since indentured servants only worked for 5 years, they were worked very hard by their supervisors. own some property. There was a very severe punishment for indentured servants who escape. They multiplied the number of years the indentured servant has worked and added the number of years they have left to the final number. Some towns regions multiplied by 2 while others even multiplied by 52, resulting in essentially lifetime servitude. Notes by Angela Dela Llana to Freedom dues were incentives for indentured servants that awaited them at the end of their servitude. These included things like new clothes and shoes. 80 percent of indentured servants either died while working, returned to England after they were done working, or remained poor in America. Notes by Angela Dela Llana
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