Psychology Chapter 1 notes
Psychology Chapter 1 notes PSYC 101 008
Ivy Tech Community College
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carmyn L Watkins on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 101 008 at Ivy Tech Community College taught by Terrance Kinnard in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views.
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Date Created: 09/03/16
Psychology 101 Week 1 Notes Note: This is an interpretation of the lecture, this does not cover the readings. You should do the assigned readings on your own time. These notes are if you missed class, showed up late, or forgot to take notes. Carmyn What is psychology? -Study of human behavior -Science of behavior - The study of our inner feelings and behaviors, feelings can influence behavior -We are conditioned to feel a certain way Do our feelings and our behaviors always match? -from what we discussed in class no, they do not always match. We mask our feelings is almost like a defense mechanism, not letting the world know how we truly feel because of society today. How do we know we have feelings? -Saying, I’ve felt it, is not a true answer. -Feelings are something we have all experienced, it is our reaction to things that we are told or find out. Psychology has roots in philosophy. Prescientific Psychology- Do you have a soul? -From the discussion, that we had in class the conclusion that most of us reached was this. The mind is an arbitrary thing, it does not exist and neither does a soul. We come up with these ideas so we can have a center or something to hold our morals and ethics. Is the mind connected to the body, or is it distinct? Are ideas inborn or is the mind a blank slate filled by experience? -How we arrive at an answer is not as important as the trip there. -Gone through the process of investigative learning, challenge what you think or what you know. -Some people will discover that you they know is completely wrong. 7 Schools of thought Each school will have a different answer on how to treat something and deal with it. History of psychology-Although the science of psychology started in the late 1800’s the concept has been around a lot longer. There was evidence long ago of lobotomy, which was cutting a hole into the skull so the evil spirits would come out. Lobotomy was then changed so a small break in the skull around the eye. Psychology has gone through 5 different waves since it has started, which formed the 7 schools of psychology. Wave One Introspection- to measure, validate, and replicate. Started with Wilhelm Wundt, who pronounced himself as the world’s first psychologist. Founded the concept of structuralism Structuralism- focuses on identifying the elemental parts or structures of the human mind Relies on introspection, or the process of repeating one’s own conscious mental experiences. There are downsides to introspection, try telling someone who has never seen a rose to go find one in the middle of a flower garden based off how you see a rose. Introspection assumes that everyone experiences everything in the same way. Functionalism- William James thought that psychology should explain how people adapted to if everyday life outside of the body. It is an individual’s adaptation to the environment. Wave Two Gestalt Psychology- Led by Max Wertheimer, focused not on how we feel but how we experience the world. It is how people naturally organize their perception according to certain patterns. Wave Three Psychoanalysis- founded by Sigmund Freud in the early 1900’s Believed that most of our feelings come from a hidden place in your mind called the unconscious, use defensive mechanisms to keep bad experiences at bay. Freud believed that dreams were a representation of our unconscious thought. Wave Four Behaviorism- emphasizes the observable behavior and their environmental deterrents. Behaviorists ignore how you feel and look at how you act. If they can change your behavior who cares how you feel about it. Very popular during the conservative 1950’s when social appearance mattered more than self-expression. Wave Five Eclectic- is a variety of all techniques, made up of all seven different schools of psychology. Evolutionary- has to do with Darwinism and natural selection. That a species is best adapted to its’ environment to survive. Has everything to do with genetics and traits. Humanistic perspective- organizational psychology, self-actualization, is looking at what you view as your ideal self. Promotes positive growth and the freedom to choose any destiny. Cognitive perspective- looks at mental processes, how we direct our attention, perceive, remember, think, and solve problems. Jean Peges Attempts to change the way you think Sociocultural perspective- influenced by your culture. Examines the social and cultural environments influence a person’s behavior.
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