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SW 1300_Week 1 Notes

by: alley_hilton

SW 1300_Week 1 Notes SW 1300

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These notes start the class out and give us an overview of Social Programs. The are necessary for the first exam.
The Why and How of Social Services
Robert Wood
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by alley_hilton on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SW 1300 at Texas Tech University taught by Robert Wood in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views.


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Date Created: 09/03/16
 The How and Why of Social Work  Why do we need it?  Because we have needs.  Responsibility to react to those needs.  Responsibility to keep order.  For example, the French Revolution. o The poor were “fed up”, so they retaliated and began beheading the rich/wealthy.  What are social services?  Referred to as “income maintenance.”  Social services include food stamps, welfare, etc.  Universal vs. Residual  Social programs (from a social work perspective) are things the government  (using taxpayer money) provides.  Universal  Social programs that all people, regardless of need, can benefit from.  Such as roads, social security, the military, etc.  Residual (“means tested”)  Social programs you must qualify for, usually through income.  i.e. food stamps, loans, etc.  Stigma  A master status attached to a person, usually negative (whether it is correct  or not).  For example, mental illness, disabilities, religion, criminality, STD’s, etc.  Sociological Perspective  Stresses the social context in which people live.  Social Location  What spot in life you do occupy?  Job, income, education, gender, age, ethnicity.  Group membership influencing behavior.  Whether you are a man or a woman.  Or rich or poor.  Looking at life sociologically requires giving up.  The familiar idea we live in terms of our own decisions.  In favor of the strange notion that society shapes those decisions.  Sociology & Marginality  Two situations allow clear sight of how society shapes individual life.  Living on the margins of society.  Living through a social crisis.  Outsiders  Are not part of dominant group and everyday experience.  People at margins of life.  This group includes women, gays, people with disabilities, elderly, etc.  These people are aware of social patterns that others rarely think  about.  The greater a person’s marginality, the better able they are to use social  perspective.  Theoretical Perspective  General statements about how parts of the world and society fit together and  how they work.  Micro  Small scale. o Groups, individuals, families, etc.  Macro  Large scale. o States, countries, entire world, etc.  Classic Theories of Sociology (3).  Symbolic Interaction.  Micro level of interaction.  Developed by George Mead.  It is a framework for building theory that sees society as the product of the  everyday interactions of individuals.  Society is nothing more than the reality people construct for  themselves as they interact with one another. o Moods (good/bad)  How you interpret a certain situation changes.  Studies face­to­face interactions.  Studies how we use symbols and language to communicate.  Language changes over time. o i.e. text messages. o Communication gets more difficult.  Symbols and the meaning we attaché to them are socially  constructed. Something can mean different things to different  people/cultures.  Critical Review for this theory.  Symbolic­interaction approach reminds us that society basically  amounts to how people interact. o Micro­level sociology shows how individuals construct and  experience society.  This approach risks overlooking.  Factors change the influence of culture. o Class. o Gender. o Race.  Key words on test for this theory.  Symbols.  Personal Interaction.  Small Scale Analysis.  Individuals.  Small Groups.  Structural­Functional Theory.  Everything in society has a role to play (whether it is positive or negative)  in keeping society functioning as it is. Think STABLE.  This theory can be thought of as an engine.  When all parts are playing their role, society will function in a “normal”  state (not necessarily fair, just stable).  Merton and Durkheim were the initial developers of this theory.  Robert Merton “Functional”.  Expanded the Understanding of social function and pointed out that  any social structure probably has many functions. o Manifest Function  Intended result. o Latent Function.  Unintended beneficial result. o Latent Dysfunction.  Unintended negative results, disrupts society.  Macro­level theory.  Critical Review  Does not take into account normal vs. stable.  Key Words  Function.  Unity.  Cohesion.  Stable/Stability.  Social­Conflict Approach.  Macro level of analysis.  Developed by Karl Marx.  Constant struggle for resources between groups in society.  Highlights how the following factors are linked to inequality.  Class.  Race.  Ethnicity.  Gender.  Age.  Think “Haves” and “Have­Not’s”.  Key Terms  Conflict.  Power.  Change.  Inequality.  Class Struggle.


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