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Mesopotamia and Persia Art

by: Daria

Mesopotamia and Persia Art AAH 1010

Marketplace > Clemson University > Arts and Humanities > AAH 1010 > Mesopotamia and Persia Art
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About this Document

These notes cover the era of Mesopotamia and Persia, including the introduction of writing on clay and stone tablets.
Survey of Art and Architectural History I
Beth A. Lauritis
Class Notes
Art History, mesopotamia, Art




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Daria on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AAH 1010 at Clemson University taught by Beth A. Lauritis in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Survey of Art and Architectural History I in Arts and Humanities at Clemson University.

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Date Created: 09/03/16
Mesopotamia and Persia    Mesopotamia and Persia  ● Sumerian   3500­2332 BC  Akkadian   2332­2150 BC  Neo­Sumerian  2150­2000 BC  Babylonian    1800­1600 BC  Assyrian    900­612 BC  Achaemenid    538­330 BC    Writing  ● Writing first appears in sumerian times and was called cuneiform.  ● It was written on clay or stone tablets and was the first form of writing that used letters  and not drawings or symbols    Architecture in Sumeria  ● Ziggurats were made in this time.  They were temples to worship the gods and  sometimes were dedicated  ● White temple was a popular ziggurat made in the sumerian time.   ● These monumental structures required human labor to create its massive design.  ● Temples were considered as a “waiting room” for people to wait for the gods and many  parts were only for higher up people in the culture.    Artwork  ● Votive offerings were made to present offerings to the gods.  ● Registers are bands of material. In the piece “Presentation of offerings to Inanna”, the  registers show the hierarchy of scale.          The top pictures show the most important figures, then the next most  important figures, then down from there including some possessions of  the god the people are offering to (in this specific votive, it is Inanna’s  animals). The hierarchy of scale is shown in this votive offering as the  societal hierarchy goes down as the pictures go down.            ● Artwork is based on the gods: many pieces of art are of gods or offerings to gods.  ● New materials are used, including c ​ asting. ​  Casting is making sculptures out of metal.      Head of an Akkadian ruler, from Nineveh (modern  Kuyunjik), Iraq, ca. 2250–2200 BCE. Copper, 1’ 2  3/8” high. Iraq Museum, Baghdad.This sculpture is  casted with copper, one of the earliest.                    Steles  ● Stone tablets can tell a story as in this example:        Battle scenes, fragment of the victory stele of  Eannatum (Stele of the Vultures), from Girsu  (modern Telloh), Syria, ca. 2600–2500 BCE.  Limestone, full stele approx. 5’ 11” high. Louvre,  Paris.    This tablet shows the victor of the battles and some  war scenes.          ● Victory stele of Naram­Sin, from Susa, Iran, 2254–2218 BCE.  Pink sandstone, 6’ 7” high. Louvre, Paris.  ○ This shows the king as being like a god. The soldiers are  like servants to the king as opposed to other sculptures.                Hammurabi’s Code of Laws  ● Some topics in the codes are the Administration of Justice, Property  Irrigation, Loans and Interest, Regulation of Trade, Debt Slavery, Marriage and the  Family, Adoption, Personal Injury and Manslaughter, Physician’s Fees and Malpractice,  Building Regulations,and  Wage Regulations 


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