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Music History Week 1

by: stoutr

Music History Week 1 MUSC 210

Marketplace > Xavier University > Music > MUSC 210 > Music History Week 1
Xavier University
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About this Document

Introductory notes from the first week of class
Music History 1
Dr. Kristiansen
Class Notes
Music, history, Music History




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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by stoutr on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSC 210 at Xavier University taught by Dr. Kristiansen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Music History 1 in Music at Xavier University.


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Date Created: 09/03/16
Introductory Notes    ● Emperor Constantine made Christianity legitimate by converting   ● Liturgy = context of church service (Roman Rite)  ● According to legend, the Holy Spirit came down in the form of a dove to inspire  Pope Gregory I to create chants (Gregorian chants)  ● Charlemagne ­   ○ Frankish empire   ○ stable empire + the flowering of education for the first time   ○ Accomplished the Holy Roman Empire and spread liturgy  ● Approximately 1200 bce: manuscripts appear around Europe; previously, music  is learned aurally and all are very similar  ● Neume = early symbols of pitch  ○ Heighted neume = shows pitch based on vertical position (11th century)  ● Quadratic notation used in Catholic Church in 19th century for official chant  notation  ● Guido of Arezzo introduced clef signs and heighted neumes; he was an ear  training specialist  ● Micrologus = solfege (ut, re, me, fa, sol, la)  ● Hexachord = six adjacent notes on what we now know as the diatonic major  scale  ● Frankish Empire constructed the modal system in the mid 11th century  ● Final = root of scale; what we now call the tonic  ● Recitation tone = note that’s used often  


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