IO Psychology Week 1 Notes
IO Psychology Week 1 Notes PSH 402
Popular in Industrial/Organizational Psychology
Popular in Psychology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlin Cornell on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSH 402 at SUNY College at Brockport taught by Dr. McNall in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Industrial/Organizational Psychology in Psychology at SUNY College at Brockport.
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Date Created: 09/03/16
IO PSYCHOLOGY WEEK 1 IO Psychology Notes from 8.31.2016 1. The importance of IO Psychology a. Module 1.1 2. Time use on an average work day for employed persons ages 25 – 54 with children a. Caring for others: 1.3 hours b. Eating and drinking: 1 hour c. Household activities: 1.1 hours d. Leisure and sports: 2.5 hours e. Working and related activities: 8.7 hours f. Sleeping: 7.7 hours g. Other: 1.7 hours 3. What is IO psychology? a. The application of psychological principles, theory and research to the work setting 4. Why study IO psychology? a. Work helps us gauge our value b. 70% of Americans would continue to work even if they had the choice not to 5. How this course can help you st a. Knowledge about the 21 century workplace 6. Fields of IO psychology a. Personnel psychology (the “I”) – often seen as part of human resources (HR) b. Organizational psychology (the “O”) c. Human engineering 7. Society for industrial and organizational psychology (SIOP) a. Division 14 of American Psychological Association (APA) b. Approximately 8200 members of SIOP c. www.siop.org 8. Number 1 faster growing occupation (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2014) a. “With a forecasted growth rate of 53 percent, industrial-organizational psychologists top the Bureau of Labor statistic’s list of fastest growing jobs through 2020 – that’s four times the growth rate of any other psychology field 9. Demographics a. Median salaries (Khanna, Medsker and Ginter, 2012): i. Ph.D. in IO psychology: $113,200 ii. Masters in IO psychology: $80,750 b. But, it depends! 10.Common areas of Concentration: a. Selection and placement: i. Developing tests ii. Validating tests iii. Analyzing job content iv. Identifying management potential v. Defending test against legal challenge b. Training and development: i. Identifying training and development needs ii. Forming and implementing technical and managerial training programs iii. Evaluating training effectiveness iv. Career planning c. Organizational development: i. Analyzing organizational structure ii. Maximizing satisfaction and effectiveness of employees iii. Facilitating organizational change d. Performance measurement: i. Developing measures of performance ii. Measuring the economic benefit of performance iii. Introducing performance evaluation systems e. Quality of work life: i. Identifying factors associated with job satisfaction ii. Reducing stress in the workplace iii. Redesigning jobs to make them more meaningful f. Engineering psychology: i. Designing work environments ii. Optimizing person-machine effectiveness iii. Making workplaces safer 11.The past, present and future of IO Psychology a. Module 1.2 12.Brief history of IO Psychology a. 1876 – 1930 i. Hugo Munsterburg ii. Walter Dill Scott iii. WWI 1. Army Alpha and Army Beta tests b. 1917 – first Ph.D. in industrial psychology awarded to Lillian Gilbreth i. Based on scientific management (Frederick Tayor) 1. Time and motion studies a. Come in with a stopwatch and look at the workers movements and record them (how long it took) b. Try to see how he could improve that time c. Elton Mayo: Revery obsession i. Psychology that came to American in 1984 ii. Could work cause workers to work in pathological ways iii. Revery obsession: mental state that comes from doing mind- numbing, repetitive work that brings you to think in a pathological way iv. Your mind will wander when it is not being used to its full potential d. 1930 – 1964 i. Hawthorne studies 1. Manipulated workers to see what effect it had on their productivity 2. The fact that someone was paying attention to them made them work better 3. There can be a change in behavior at the onset of an intervention – Hawthorne effect ii. Human relations movement iii. WWII 13.Civil Rights Act of 1964 a. Title VII specified demographic groups to be protected from employment discrimination 14.Changes in the workplace since 1980 a. Personal computing b. Telecommuting and virtual teams c. Videoconferencing d. Providing a service vs. manufacturing “goods” e. Teams vs. the individual f. Little stability g. Family-friendly workplaces h. Greater diversity i. Global workplace 15.In Summary: a. Early IO i. The “I” side, especially testing ii. Efficiency and productivity sti. Individual b. 21 Century IO i. The “I” and the “O” as complementary ii. Efficiency and productivity, but also worker well-being iii. Individual, work group, and organization 16.Multicultural and Cross-cultural issues in IO psychology a. Module 1.3 17.Cross cultural IO a. How do cultural differences influence the world of work? b. How do we develop systems to be compatible with different cultures 18.Theory of cultural influence (Hofstede) a. Individualism / collectivism b. Power distance c. Uncertainty avoidance d. Masculinity / femininity e. Long-term / short-term orientation f. http://geert-hofstede.com/countries.html 19.Implications of cultural dimensions