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POL 353 Week one notes

by: Alexandra Wolfe

POL 353 Week one notes POL 353

Marketplace > Miami University > Political Science > POL 353 > POL 353 Week one notes
Alexandra Wolfe
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About this Document

Reviews the basic principles and structure of the US Constitution. Covers the Bill of Rights and Amendments 14, 11, and 26.
Constitutional rights and liberties
Kelley G. Littlepage
Class Notes
political science, constitution, Bill of Rights




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Wolfe on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POL 353 at Miami University taught by Kelley G. Littlepage in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Constitutional rights and liberties in Political Science at Miami University.


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Date Created: 09/03/16
US constitution POL 353 Replaced the articles of confederation May 25 to sept 17 1787 Philadelphia Continuation convention Basic Principles Popular Sovereignty Government power resides in the control and in the will of the people Limited Government Government is not all powerful, can only do what the people let it. Separation of Powers Helps prevent one branch from becoming too powerful Checks and balances Federalism The division of power among national and state governments Structure of the Constitution Preamble- Statement of purpose Articles: 1: Legislative 2: Executive 3: Judicial 4: Relations Among the States 5: Amendment Process 6: Federal Power 7: Ratification Amendments 27 total 1 ten are the bill of rights Bill of Rights : 1 Amendment: Speech, Religion, Press, Assembly, Petition 2: Right to bear arms 3: No quartering soldiers 4: No unreasonable searches and seizures 5: Indictments, due process, self-incrimination, double jeopardy, and rules for eminent domain 6: Right to trial by Jury, right to counsel, right to a fair and speedy trial, notice of accusations, subpoenas 7: Right to trial by jury in civil cases 8: No excessive bail and fines or cruel and unusual punishment 9: There are other rights not written in the Constitution 10: All rights not given to the federal government belong to the states and the people 14: Citizenship, privileges and immunities, due process, equal protection, state actor doctrine What is the role of the Supreme Court? -Create and interp. Law -Determine if laws are constitutional -Settle legal issues between two states How do we challenge the decision of the supreme court? -2/3 of senate, house, and state could create a new constitutional amendment -Wait till new Justices are appointed Amendments of Change -11 Amendment -Overturns Chisholm v. Georgia 1793 -Citizens of one state can sue other states in federal court -Allows only resident citizens to sue states in federal court -14 Amendment -Overturns Dred Scott v. Sanford 1857 -Case requires slavery to be illegal everywhere in the US -Makes slavery illegal everywhere in the US -26 Amendment -Overturns Oregon v. Mitchell 1970 -Invalidates federal law that sets the voting age for state and local elections -Allows Congress to set universal voting ages


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