Geography 150 Lecture 1 Notes
Geography 150 Lecture 1 Notes GEOG 150
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Letia Snorden on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 150 at Ball State University taught by Airriess in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in Geography at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/03/16
GEOGRAPHY 150: LECTU RE #1 INTRODUCING THE DISCIPLINE OF GEOGRAPHY BREAKING IT DOWN o Geo means earth o Graphos means describe o Logy means study of o In this class we will be breaking away from traditional geography (the what is where) and focusing on modern geography (the why what is where) o Geography— spatial or regional distributions of physical environments and/or human behaviors over the surface of the earth. o Regions—Portions of earth’s surface with shared characteristics o EX—Midwest, middle east, tropical, Amazon CHAPTER ONE —GEOGRAPHY AND DEVELO PMENT o Development is not the same as economic growth o Economic growth—value of goods and services produced in any given year o Development—process of change which provides basic needs for majority of a population § Basic Needs—food, water, shelter, healthcare, education § Development process not the same for every country § Process must be sustainable over long period of time o Qualifying development o Environment and natural resources don’t guarantee prosperity o Cultural influences on development? o Historical experiences are important § Business passed down in family § Segregation § Divorce in family § Abusive relationships o Population and development o No such thing as overpopulation as long as economy is sufficient enough to maintain the amount of people o Population growth though time § Rapid growth is a recent phenomenon § Majority of growth in less developed countries § Rate of natural increase —percent of population increase § High growth rate makes for rapid doubling time • Africa —28 years, 2.5 growth rate • Asia—63 years, 1.1 growth rate • U.S. —70 years, 1.0 growth rate § Half of global population under 30 § Global population growth rate began to decline in the 1980s o Demographic Transformation Model § Transformation — (reduced growth) accompanies economic prosperity § Stage 1—pre industrial, high birth and death rates § Stage 2—high population growth rate, lower death rate, high birth rate, beginning industrialization § Stage 3—lower birth rate, steady death rate, decreasing population growth rate, end of industrialization, moving on to service industries § Stage 4—low birth and death rates, almost no population growth o The Malthus-Marx Debate § Malthus—population/resource imbalance spells disaster • population geometric increase • agriculture arithmetic increase o wrong o Sub Saharan Africa exception because it can’t feed itself o Everywhere else food production is higher than population growth § Marx—unequal access to resources creates economic inequalities