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Intro to Psychotherapy: Week 1 Notes

by: Christina C

Intro to Psychotherapy: Week 1 Notes PSY 365

Marketplace > The College of Saint Rose > Psychology (PSYC) > PSY 365 > Intro to Psychotherapy Week 1 Notes
Christina C


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About this Document

These notes cover what is going to be on the first exam which include the definition of psychotherapy, examples of the practice, and more
Intro to Psychotherapy
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christina C on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 365 at The College of Saint Rose taught by Krawczyk in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychotherapy in Psychology (PSYC) at The College of Saint Rose.

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Date Created: 09/03/16
Whatis Psychotherapy? Wednesday, August 31, 2016 10:23 AM  A Psychiatrist who specializesin treatingmooddisorders, sees a new patient.Interviewslast for aboutanhour, and then the doctormakesa diagnosisofmajordepressive disorder. She willprescribe an antidepressantmedication& hasthe patientreturn every 3 weeks for a 15 minute checkup.  Is this psychotherapy? Whyor why not? o She istryingto bringbehaviorchange throughtalkingso it couldbe consideredpsychotherapyby some people Types:  Rangingfrom goingto school, andhavingaccess to a counselingcenterfree of charge to psychiatricpatientsin a mentalhospitalwhoare a part ofgroups& taking medicationevery day Settings:  Private practices, schools, colleges, hospitals,and more Who Does Therapy?  Licensed Clinical Social Workersare the most common peopleto practice psychotherapy  Nurses  Psychologists Psychotherapyas a Science:  Historicallyit is considereda science, andsometimes it is not. Freud wasthe first to consider,andhe wouldwrite aboutthe treatment & talkabouthisstudies!  Someone'sbias'scan put anotherperson indanger (Example:Someone sufferingfrom schizophrenia& the Yoga instructortriesto cure them with "movement"& not medication) Whatmakesit a science? What doesn't?  It isvery difficult to study - youdo experimentson certain groupsof people  Youneed to control aspectsofyourexperiment vs. the real world where you can't controlanything(Youmight not allowsomeone to take Nyquilwhilethey are in the experiment, but inthe real world they very well cantake it) Most therapistshavea Theoretical Orientation  E.g. psychoanalytic,CBT, etc. (Everyonehastheirown training)  MUCH class time spent here Be critical ofwhat you're toldat alltimes! Just because someone hasa preference for a certain field,doesn't mean it is the best field. Do they have evidence? Brief History:  5th CenturyBC o Hippocrates -secularist understandingof mentalillness(He wasthe first to say "I thinkit's a medicalproblemwe have not solvedyet, it hasnaturalcauses") o Rejected mentalillnessas divine o Hippocratic Oath: Thoushalldo no harm  17th CenturyAD o Leibniz - Studiedsubliminalperceptions(We can perceive thingswithoutknowingit)  Mesmerand Schopenhauer (Studiedthe unconscious& hypnosis)  The ClinicianResearcher o Prominent from 19th century - Present o E.g. Freud, Jung, Adler o Practice informsscience, andscience informs practice  APAfounded in 1892 o Away from philosophy,towardscientific method  WW1 & Intelligence Testing (Who isgoingto do the less intelligentdemands,andwho is goingto dothe more intelligenttasks?)  APAdefines: o Qualificationsof psychologists, and raisesstandards (Can get introubleif youare callingyourselfa licensed psychologistwithouta degree)  Ps.D. foundedin 1925, laterbecame Psy.D. (Be skepticalof doctoralprograms thatcost a lot ofmoney, andhave accreditationissues) Modern PsychologyDevelops: o Increased privatepractice (Business, cost pressured environment) o State credentialing o Insurance, HMO,private practiceas business (NEEDstate license to charge companiesandindividuals) Biological (genetics) are gettingmore andmore responsiblefor mentalhealthproblems(Schizophrenia,Anorexia,Autism, Huntington'sDisease etc.) TraitsinfluencedONLY by genetics or ONLY by environmentare extremely rare (Most are influencedby both) Genes & Environment Genes Environment TRAITS Gene & EnvironmentInteraction (such as personality& psychological disorders) Psychotherapyin the 21st Century:  Biologicalscience influence  Increasingmulticulturalism(Mentalhealthcare usedto be for wealthywhite women to othergenders& otherraces etc.)  "Importing"vs. "Indigenizing" (Takinga study I learned, andmovingit to anotherplacevs. changethe treatment to benefitthe population)  EBT's (EvidenceBased Treatments - we need to study things & make sure theywork)  Manualization-Treatment canbe put intoa "How to" for a therapistto helpa patient Psychotherapyas an Industry:  Branding& TheoreticalOrientation -CBT brandingdoes well &it is the most successful - the person speakingto you doesnot havea broadview on what they are talkingabout  Insurance &ManagedCare  Pressuresfromfinancialrealities of U.S. Healthcare: o Less time & fewer # ofsessions (Pressure to get something donein a certainamountof time&measure theirdiagnosis quickly) o Measuredresults o Diagnosticcodes o Liability(Possible to get sued formalpractice) o Psychotherapist orbusinessowner?


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