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Survey of US History, HIST 2110, Week 1

by: Jordan Hall

Survey of US History, HIST 2110, Week 1 History 2110

Marketplace > Georgia State University > History > History 2110 > Survey of US History HIST 2110 Week 1
Jordan Hall
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Spain and France in the New World -Regions explored -Reasons for exploration -Spanish rule in the New World -Hernando Cortez -French exploration in the New World -Columbian Exhange
Survey of United States History
Dr. Robin Conner
Class Notes
history, NewWorld, FrenchExploration, SpanishExploration, HernandoCortez, Columbian Exchange, french, spanish




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Hall on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 2110 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Robin Conner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Survey of United States History in History at Georgia State University.


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Date Created: 09/03/16
Spain and France Come to the New World  Regions in the New World o Central America  Before Europeans came to the New World, most native Americans lived  here.  The Aztec people were in Central America  Population in the millions  Tribute system­ visited other tribes and made them pay tributes to  the Aztecs (slaves, gold, food, etc.)  Believed in many gods who had to be “fed” human sacrifices o Eastern Woodland  Cherokee, Creek, Iroquois, and Shawnee tribes resided here (among other  smaller tribes)  Area west of the Mississippi River  Much smaller population than Central America (about 5 million total)  Most people in this region were farmers  Why did people want to explore? o Trade  If countries in Europe wanted to trade with Asia or vice versa, they had to  deal with Italy as a middleman.  Italy had a monopoly on trade with Asia  This is because Italy in the Mediterranean Sea  All ships going between Asia and Europe had to go to Italy.  Because of this, Italy could place taxes on all trading supplies like  ships.  People wanted to go to the New World so they could trade without being  taxed. o Religion  Some people in Europe are turning away from Catholicism and toward  Protestantism.  People want to travel to the New World to teach the natives their religion.  Hernando Cortez: Spanish Conquistador o Cortez came to the New World to gain statues because his family’s riches will go  to his older brother. o He travels to the Caribbean at 19 years old. o He is asked by his leader to go to Mexico to find gold.  In Mexico, there are around 4,000 Aztec warriors who have brought gold  as a gift.  Cortez goes to the Aztec capitol and sees the human sacrifices and  believes the Aztecs are devil worshippers.  Cortez plans to take down the Aztec Empire.  He has help from the Native Americans  o The Native Americans do not want to be controlled by the  Aztecs anymore (tribute system).  Cortez’s people (the Spanish) brought diseases with them from  Europe that the natives had not built up immunity to, so many of  them started dying, which helped Cortez take down the Aztecs.  Europeans had metal armor to protect them in battle, metal tipped  arrows, metal swords, and horses.  The Spanish read the “Requerimiento” to the natives in Spanish (a  language they did not understand), which said they must convert to Christianity and submit to Spanish rule, or Spain will wage war  against them in every way possible.  Enconmienda  Spanish soldiers were awarded captive native villages.  Soldiers were allowed to demand tribute from the villagers.  The soldier is supposed to provide protection to the villagers (from physical attacks and non­Christian ideals).  In reality, the soldiers take advantage of their power over the  villagers.  The French o The French try to come to the New World in the 1500s, but they get defeated by  Spain. o Because of this, the French decide to go North  They were still looking for the coast of Asia to make trade easier and  convert the natives to Christianity. o Begin meeting natives, and they think fur pelts could be valuable  Decide to be partners instead of enemies with the natives, so the fur trade  goes well. o The French have a friendlier approach to the natives.  The French are given instructions from Jean de Brebeuf on how to act  when they arrive in the New World.  They are told not to be an inconvenience to the natives in any way so that  they will tell their native friends that the French are respectable and okay  to trade with.  The French still think of the natives as inferiors and refer to them as  “savages”.  The Columbian Exchange o Trading system between the New World and Europe as a result of European  colonization. o Unexpected outcomes  Earthworm were brought to the New World and ate the underbrush, which changed the ecosystems drastically.  Diseases like syphilis were contracted and brought to Europe.  Small pox was brought to the New World.  This caused a drastic change in the population of the Earth  (upwards of 90 percent of the population was killed).  As the population dwindled, so did the labor force.  The remaining population turned to Africa for workers.  The French were over hunting in certain areas, so they had to go into Nave Americans’ land to acquire the fur needed to keep up the trade.


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