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Intro Sociology, Week One

by: Corinne Miner

Intro Sociology, Week One Soc101

Marketplace > Mars Hill University > Science > Soc101 > Intro Sociology Week One
Corinne Miner

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About this Document

Notes on the history of Sociology, theorists, and theoretical perspectives.
Intro Sociology
Laurie Pedersen
Class Notes
Introduction to Sociology




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Corinne Miner on Saturday September 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc101 at Mars Hill University taught by Laurie Pedersen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Intro Sociology in Science at Mars Hill University.


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Date Created: 09/03/16
Based on the book “You may ask yourself” BY: Dalton Conley Chapter ONe Pages 3-15 ● Sociology ○ Is the study of human society ● Sociological imagination ○ The ability to see the connections between our personal experience and the larger forces of history ● Social Institution ○ Is a complex group of interdependent positions that, together, perform a social role and reproduce themselves over time Pages 15-25 ● Auguste Comte (1798-1857) ○ Social Physics or positivism ○ 3 Stages of Epistemological ■ Stage one: Theological Stage ● Divine Will- God’s Plan ■ Stage Two: Metaphysical Stage ● Human kinds behaviors- Biological Instinct ■ Stage Three: Scientific Stage ● Scientific Laws- human behavior ● Harriet Martineau (1802-1876) ○ WrT ohtearbankdcpraedi​ e of society in America ○ One of the earliest feminist social scientists ● Classical Sociology theorists ○ Karl Marx, Max Weber, Emile Durkheim are credited as the founding fathers of sociology- added georg Simmel later on ○ Karl Marx (1818-1883) ■ Theoretical basis for communism ■ German ■ Communist Manifesto ■ Conflicts between classes drive change ■ Bourgeoisie ■ Utopian theorist ○ Max Weber (1864-1920) ■ Economy and Society ■ Verstehen (Understanding) ■ All actions have meaning ■ University of Berlin ○ Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) ■ Jewish child born in France ■ Wrote Suicide- research methods ● Men ● Single ● Protestant ● Wealthy ■ Social integration and cohesion ■ Elementary forms of religious life ■ Anomie- Drastic changes ■ Positivist Sociology Pages 25-40 ● W.E.B Du Bois ○ Double Consciousness ■ “A sense of always looking at oneself through the eyes of others, of measuring one's soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity” ○ NAACP Founder (1909) ○ First African American PHD From Harvard ● Jane Adams ○ Hull House ■ First American settlement house ○ Testing Chicago schools ideas and theories ○ Not allowed to teach at University ○ Social Reformist ● American Sociology ○ Robert Park (1864-1944) ○ Chicago school ■ Late 19th/ Early 20th ○ Applied perspective ■ Not why, but how ○ Rapid urbanization ○ Research paradigm ■ Community studies ○ Theoretical paradigm ■ Social self ○ Charles Cooley (1864-1929) ■ “Looking-glass self” Other notes- Historical Beginnings of sociology: ● Golden age of athens ○ Aristotle, plato, socrates ● Augustine ○ Medieval ● Idn Khaldun ○ 1300 ○ Social thinker ● Machiavelli, hobbes, locke, rousseau, mill ○ 1500-1700’s ● Saint Simon ○ Comte’s mentor ○ Early 1800’s ○ “Sociological” thinker 1776- Revolutionary war 1750-1780- Industrial revolution/ migration to urbanization 1789- French revolution Major Theoretical Perspectives: ● Structural Functionalism ○ Durkheim + Talcott Parsons (1902-1979) ○ Society is like an organism ○ Cohesion ● Conflict Theory ○ Marx, Mills, DuBois ○ Conflict between classes ○ Social Change ○ Conflicts pull people apart ○ Who benefits? Who suffers? From these conflicts ● Symbolic Interactionism ○ Weber, Mead, Erving Goffman (1820-1883) ○ Micro sociology ○ Everyday interactions, language, face-to-face ○ How do people communicate? ○ How do people perceive themselves and others? ● Feminist theory ○ Roots in Marxist Theory ○ Women’s experiences ○ Focus on inequality Divisions within sociology: ● Macro/Micro ● Normative/Interpretive ● Theoretical/Applied ● Traditional/Radical


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