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PHL 105 (Theories of Human Nature) Week One Notes

by: Alexandra Wolfe

PHL 105 (Theories of Human Nature) Week One Notes PHL 105

Marketplace > Miami University > Philosophy > PHL 105 > PHL 105 Theories of Human Nature Week One Notes
Alexandra Wolfe
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About this Document

Topics discussed in the notes include: -What is reading -What is Truth -Do you create or discover truth -Where does Plato stand
Theories of Human Nature
Keith G. Fennen
Class Notes
philosophy, Plato, truth




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Wolfe on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 105 at Miami University taught by Keith G. Fennen in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Theories of Human Nature in Philosophy at Miami University.

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Date Created: 09/04/16
PHL 105 Week One Notes What is Reading? -The Intake and interpretation of information -This can be reading words from a book or even reading someone’s body language -Reading requires Critical thinking Plato Background info -Charged with corrupting the youth and impiety -Penalty was death by hemlock -Plato believed he should have been thanked and fed a feast What is truth? Fact Honest Do you create or discover truth? If you create truth can universal truths Real Relative exists? -Plato and Aristotle would argue that you discover truth and Objective Subjective that truth is real and objective. (Look at the table to the left) -Unquestionable Other words that could go under “real” and “Objective” would be -Proven unchanging and eternal. All of this Plato would agree with. -Unbiased Thinking exercise: Let’s say that the only truth you know is due to your senses. So you know something is soft because you feel it. You know something is red because you see it. Ect. With that knowledge let’s say you are in a locked room, would you ever be able to get out? -May depend on prior knowledge. If you do not know that there is another world out there, why would you look for a door? Why would you think you are locked in? -You would need memory. Getting out would take trial and error, since you have never left the room before. -You would need desire to leave. While some are intrigued by uncertainty, others would be content with staying in what is viewed as a safe space. What you should be getting out of this exercise is that senses are necessary but not sufficient for gaining the ability to exit the room. So now let’s apply this to finding universal law. -In society we use our senses to tell us the truth. We convict someone of murder because we saw it with our own eyes. We say our chicken is done cooking because we see the inside isn’t pink and we feel that it is hot. -However people interpret their senses differently. What I see as purple, may be your green, but we as society call that color purple. -Each person lives their own reality; how can we prove that our realities are the same? -If each person is perceiving life in a slightly different manner, then how do we come to recognize universal law? - We would have to rid ourselves of our own perception to find the truth. Remember: Plato argues that universal law is discovered, not created. Further readings on this topic: Plato’s Cave Theory. -Platos cave theory depicts people standing and staring at a cave wall, and when someone from the outside comes in to tell them that there is a whole other world out there, no one believes them. They then opt to stay in the cave and stare at the wall they call reality. -Could we make some connections from this theory to our reality? Are their doors in our everyday life that we cannot see? Or are there doors that we even choose not to see? -Our bodies are constantly changing, but truth doesn’t change. (Per Plato) -Thus our bodies are hindering you from releasing your perception -Thus hindering you from seeing the truth -Desire is a bodily thing that creates war -Purification requires practice (Try to sit still and just think for about thirty minutes) (Hint: It’s not easy) Question: What is the purpose of Universal Truth if we will never obtain the knowledge?


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