Ch. 1 Political Thinking and Political Culture
Ch. 1 Political Thinking and Political Culture Posi 2310
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa Ramon on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Posi 2310 at Texas State University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Government in Political Science at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/04/16
John Stuart Mill> rejected authoritarian governments that suppress individuality (force people to act in prescribed way) and embraced democracy that liberates the individual (frees people to make decisions) Obstacles to political thinking *many citizens prefer messages that conform to what they already believe* >misinformation spreads because those in touch with like minded people are not also in contact with other informative sources political science> systematic studying of government and politics is descriptive and analytical attempts to explain politics through theories and reasonings political thinking> can be improved through practicing the use of tools of political science power> the ability of persons, groups, or institutions to influence political developments liberty> the idea that individuals should be free to act and think as they like, provided that they don't harm others Elements of Consitutionalism 1. protection of individual rights 2. officials are required to abide by laws 3. lawful restrictions of governmental power free market economy> participants seek profit for themselves or for their business Tocqueville> stated America's aim to remain their own masters free market capitalism> economic system where means of production are privately owned and operated to produce profit Civics art of citizenship 1. foundation of values 2. understanding of systems 3. a set of skills that allow you to pursue goals Governing Systems of America 1. Democratic> majoritarianism, pluralism (preferences of special interests), authority 2. Constitutionalism> legal action and separation of powers 3. Free market system> economic system based on the idea that the government should interfere as little as possible, upward and downward mobility, widespread sharing of power Political Theorists Hobbes >believes that the world is all matter and motion which omits supernatural and religious views >we are in a constant quest for pleasure and happiness by trying to accumulate more and more physical possessions to increase happiness the state of nature> lacks overall authority (anarchy), man is competing over limited resources in order to increase personal pleasure, man is constantly in fear of a violent death the social contract> rights such as the right to judge and punish others is decided by a sovereign who has the right to command all in order to maintain order leviathan state> the social contract justifies authoritarian government, there are no rights but those granted by the sovereign, rebellion is only allowed when the social contract is breached Locke >saw man as being influenced by a divine creator and subject to the Laws of Nature >plenty of reasons and little reason to fight over them rules of ownership> property is created by mixing resources with our labor man can only collect as much property as he finds useful the point of government is to protect the property inalienable rights> rights which one not only hold inherently but cannot be forfeited even if one wanted to Requirements of Lockean Government 1. protect the natural rights of the citizen (life, liberty, and estate) 2. be based on majority rights 3. place constitutional restraints on government right to rebellion> under very limited circumstances and only when the right to life, liberty, and estate is violated by the government