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CRM 102 Week 1 Notes

by: Tiffany Matyja

CRM 102 Week 1 Notes CRM 102

Tiffany Matyja
GPA 4.0
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About this Document

These are the notes from this week's lecture
Introduction to Criminal Justice
LaRose, Anthony P.
Class Notes
Criminal Justice




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tiffany Matyja on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CRM 102 at University of Tampa taught by LaRose, Anthony P. in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Criminal Justice in Criminal Justice at University of Tampa.


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Date Created: 09/04/16
Thursday, September 1, 2016 Chapter 1 Introduction to Criminal Justice - The criminal justice (CJ) system is comprised of law enforcement, court, and correctional agencies that work together to effect the apprehension, prosecution, and control of criminal offenders - The American Bar Foundation recognized the need to integrate the various components of the CJ system • They realized it was a disjointed system hidden from public view - The Contemporary CJ System • Federal Involvement in CJ - 1967: The Challenge of Crime in a Free Society a report of the CJ process with recommended reforms • - 1968: Congress passed the Safe Streets and Crime Control Act • this provided federal funding to state and local law enforcement and funded education and research • The CJ system as society’s instrument of social control - responds to dangerous behavior - apprehends, adjudicates, and sanctions law breakers through its agencies - resides in every branch of the government • Principal components of the CJ system - law enforcement agencies investigate crimes and apprehend suspects - court agencies that conduct trials and sentence offenders 85% of trials end in a plea deal • - corrections agencies that monitor and rehabilitate offenders • The Justice Juggernaut - $250 billion spent annually 1 Thursday, September 1, 2016 - 18,000 local, state, and county law enforcement agencies - 120,000 feds - 17,000 courts - 8,000 prosecutorial agencies - 10,000 corrections agencies, probation, and parole departments - The Formal CJ Process Initial Contact • • Investigation • Arrest: in presence requirement • Custody • Charging - may result in nolle prosequi (a formal notice of abandonment by a plaintiff or prosecutor of all or part of a suit or action) • Preliminary hearing/grand jury - may involve bill of indictment, information, probable cause hearing • Arraignment • Bail/detention • Plea bargaining • Trial/adjudication • Sentencing/disposition • Appeal/post conviction • Correctional treatment Release • • Post-release • At each stage, a decision must be made. Each decision can have a critical effect on the defendant, justice system, and society 2 Thursday, September 1, 2016 - The informal criminal justice system • Upwards of 80% of felony and over 90% of misdemeanor cases are settled without a trial - Cooperation over conflict • The wedding cake model - the higher the tier, the more publicized the case, the longer it takes, and it follows the formal criminal justice system more closely. - Top tier: high-profile cases: OJ Simpson, Casey Anthony - Next tier: serious felonies - Next tier: 1st time felonies - Bottom tier: misdemeanors - Perspectives on justice • Crime control perspective: a model of criminal justice that the control of dangerous offenders and the protection of society. Its advocates call for harsh punishment as a deterrent to crime and support availability of the death penalty • Rehabilitation perspective: the view that the primary purpose of criminal justice is helping to care for people who cannot manage themselves. Crime is an expression of frustration and anger created by social inequality and can be controlled by giving people the means to improve their lifestyle through conventional endeavors • Due process perspective: provides the basic rights of a defendant in criminal proceedings and the requirements for a fair trial • Nonintervention perspective: a view of criminal justice that emphasizes the least intrusive treatment possible. Central policies include decarceration, diversion, and decriminalization Equal justice perspective: all people should be treated equally before the law. • Equality maybe best achieved through individual discretion in the justice process • Restorative justice perspective: view of current justice that advocates peaceful solutions and mediation rather than coercive punishments - Ethics in criminal justice • Ethics and Law Enforcement 3 Thursday, September 1, 2016 - important because police officers have the authority to deprive people of their liberty • Ethics and the Courts - Prosecutor must seek justice for all parties in the criminal matter and should not merely be targeting a conviction - Defense attorney • Must try to raise reasonable doubt in every case Job is to provide a vigorous defense in and ensure that the client is not • convicted unless the prosecution can prove its case beyond a reasonable doubt • Ethics and corrections - Challenged by the discretion afforded to correctional workers and administrators 4


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