ART 3683 WEEK 3 NOTES
ART 3683 WEEK 3 NOTES ART 3683
Popular in History of 20th Century Art
Popular in Art
verified elite notetaker
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nichole Pike on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ART 3683 at Oklahoma State University taught by Dr. Siddons in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see History of 20th Century Art in Art at Oklahoma State University.
Reviews for ART 3683 WEEK 3 NOTES
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/04/16
WEEK 3 NOTES ART 3683 DISCLAIMER: THESE NOTES WERE TAKEN FROM WHAT WAS RETAINED FROM CLASS LECTURE AND TEXTBOOK READINGS. THESE ARE IN NO WAY COMPREHENSIVE, BUT SHOULD BE USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH CLASS MATERIALS PROVIDED BY THE PROFESSOR. 8/30/16 EXTRA CREDIT OUR LAND OUR PEOPLE, SEPT 1JAN, OSU MUSEUM OF ART ONEAL DEALOCT 24 6:30P8P STILLWATER COMMUNITY CENTER, RSVP TO THOMAS.TRAN@ARTS.OK.GOV Bauhaus and Russian Expressionism thinking about architecture during talks about architecture, artists began talking about nonobjectivity new inventions made skyscrapers possible and the U.S. became a pioneer for skyscrapers New York becomes the focus for skyscraper development; Chicago begins to compete not just building them but it was also about what tall buildings are supposed to look like Louis Sullivan (18561924) was called the Father of Modernism because of his contributions to skyscraper one of the first people to realize the concepts to modern design that exist today rise in affluence because of technological advances in materials and more money in circulation argues that skyscraper has 3 parts: base, shaft and pediment because height has never been possible, people think of architecture in horizontal demands communicates what’s happening inside of it; not just what the exterior says Wayne Wright building in St. Louis, MO stretching its height to seem as one single form form follows function reflects the small footprint for a relatively large building form follows function doesn’t mean that the exterior shows what’s on the inside but rather using a space effectively Simplification of urban architectural forms (skyscrapers (US) and factories (EUROPE)) skyscrapers are prominent in U.S. and factories in Europe regardless of architect, buildings continue to show this simplification architects agree that form should follow function (Sullivan) agree we should create as much square footage as we can with as small of a footprint as we can Flat Iron buildingweird angle base becomes the visual element by creating a distinction of the building Empire State Building built in 1930 and completed in 1931 first building to have more than 100 stories seen as one building rather than 102 different stories part of design in distance and scale EUROPE The Bauhaus (opened 1918, Weimar, Germany) was an art school WWI just ended Germany is politically unstable and economically challenged interested in progressive arts education but also reconstructive approach to economy Walter Gropius (German 18831969), first director taught architecture and designed school buildings committed to Sullivan’s ideas combining form follows function and buildings being efficient Walter Gropius, Shoe Factory started being built for Bauhaus was built was trying to bring together design and industry (mass production) if we combined design and industrial production we could have aesthetically pleasing things design incorporated significant innovations for factory designs how do we design a factory that can enhance lives first priority was to reevaluate work environment and what people wanted goal was to make building essentially transparent both for workers but also to provide factory transparency (rights, codes, etc.) which benefited owners also about social goals; not just form following function design for Gropius was to be universal not hierarchical the Bauhaus was for everyone (demographic)we need to forget about distinctions and start having art in the world (fairs) tied to political problems postWWI in 1922, Gropius joins the skyscraper business, but doesn’t win the contest building that won was antiModernist; more neogothic Abstraction vs. nonobjectivity we’re going to be nonreferential design is just about making a building (purity in what it’s trying to do) Cezanne is promoting abstraction Nonobjectivity is thinking of things in their own way Suprematism “The supremacy of pure feeling in creative art.”definition from Malevich Kazimir Malevich (18781935) wanted “to free art from the burdened object” he coined term suprematism was a way to get a way to purity black square on field of white it is what it is; wanted to paint something that means nothing antitradition the square is the face of the new art part of this piece was how it was exhibited (only paint hung diagonally in corner) also challenges how we experience painting interested in painting infinity with white square on white background (social metaphor) paintings like this were extremely radical and believed to show people that they can think for themselves and could overthrow all previous ideals (Stalin did not approve and Malevich and put in jail) because it challenged authority and order El Lissitzky (18901941) Russian but trained in Germany worked with Malevich Lassitsky was interested other things like psychology of color and begins working in typography makes a complete image out of poem with typography design poems were more about visuals and was only complete with an image (typography) Lassitsky, Proun Space compared to Malevich’s Lassitsky, were unsure about what part of the room is art; is the room art? 9/1/16 In Russia, we have artists interested in the revolution and so we have nonobjectivity paintings are based on themselves and not actual objects nonobjectivity is revolutionary and is associated with Russian Revolution as they are trying to invent an entirely new art form we see this influence in typography Kandinsky (Russian, 18661944), Point and Line to Plane, 1926 synesthesia is often related to Kandinsky psychological phenomena where sensory experiences are overlapping idea similar to smell a scent and tasting it to him a synesthesia was a step towards the spiritual not really interested in geometry doesn’t start studying art until about 30 by 1908 he’s pretty interested in abstraction says his conversion happened by accident had Avantgarde influences focused on some folk storieslooking at the Primitivism style of Germans at this time through the use of color adopts the word clang to mean multiple sensory things going on at once says physical sensations are temporary and can only last if a ‘soul is open’ his images look radically different than those like Malevich who had similar views it shows how similar ideas can yet be very different he thinks about how language is visible (ex. moving the period in the sentence) it changes the language and the meaning believes we get distracted by meanings how do we give the visual priority? By making things nonobjective interested in was interested in and influence by theosophy through this, believed that direct experience was key Composition VII goal is to create visual image that is selfrepresentational interested in an ecstatic visual it is also about the spiritual direct experience selfrepresentational is kind of a lie because he includes symbols symbols were selfevocative trying to create a more abstract and emotional piece Constructivists goals are to reform relationship between art and societycomparable to Bauhaus Science is occurring at the time 1900quantum theory 1901radio 1905Special Theory of Relatively 1911nuclear model of an atom magical thing in science where in a decade everything everyone already knew becomes wrong Kandinsky, Concerning the Spiritual in Art, 1911 sort of about materiality how does this disruption of objects affect possession and materials? idea about progress is about knowledge borrowed from science we have to move forward with science and artists have the opportunity to be ahead of science argument that art predicts things that science later identifies continues to bring back scientific metaphors how do art and science relate? Debate (science vs. spirituality) Kandinsky works with the Bauhaus in 1920s Bauhaus closed in 1930s by Nazis he did a variety of prints and combined his ideas of spirituality with something like Malevich with radical art similar to radical politics described these as urban planning (centralized chaos) wanted us to see this as metaphors for different ideas that urban space can give pretty subjective Picasso had some educational advantages because of his father Science and Charity bringing up some ideas similar to those going on elsewhere the two, science and charity moving together? accepted into art school at 13 in 1900, travels to Paris for the first time first time he sees avantgarde art and any sort of modernism thinking about political interests thinking about expressionist colorcolor can be expressionist blue perioda lot of sad people; works in this period for about a year Life supposed to get an emotional hit off of this painting and the blue Woman and the Crow interested in symbolism basically all paintings are narrative Two Nudes taking him to an artistic nationalism interested in artistic traditions by looking at folk Spanish art also asking questions about form less about relationship between two women, but more about looking at the form of the body types (anticlassical) radical change from Life people are interacting in Life and body types are completely different CUBISM in Paris, the emergence of Cubism (19071915) not a movement with a manifesto between Picasso and Braque mainly talk about Picasso these men developed them together so it’s not clear whose idea it is; collaborate on solution taking things we think we know and turn it into something else Picasso meets Braque the goal should be a thing and pictorial fact what if painting is a visual tool Picasso, Les Demoiselled d’Avigon (The Young Ladies of Avignon), 1907 it wasn’t about the geometry, but interested in ordinary world making fun of academic tradition while painting sex workers seductively and basically says that academic nude paintings were basically selling them as sex so he proves them by painting prostitutes made stuff up about things that he bought at flea markets and market stands (make them formal) prehistoric Iberian sculpturepainting by Picasso is similar to that of sculpture saying the naked body is cliché but he wanted people to look at things we know differently ANALYTIC CUBISM doesn’t last very long fragment things into different sections to create an illusion of time say they are painting the 4 dimension Picasso, Lady with Mandolin SYNTHETIC CUBISM changes when they incorporate collage synthetic meaning bringing different things together (combination)both things we recognize and things that we don’t started incorporating real world objects in order to really change the face of art
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'