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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 100 at Ball State University taught by Fang Gong (P) in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology in Sociology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/04/16
Sociology 100:001 Professor Gong August 29- September 3, 2016 Alturistic (HIGH) Anomic Fatalistic Social (LOW) (HIGH) Integration Egoistic (LOW) Social Regulation I. What type of suicide do you think it was (The Shawshank Redemption)? Anomic and Egoistic. II. What is Sociology? The study of human society. III. Who invented sociology? a. August Comte. b. A French sociologist. c. Coined the term “sociology” in 1838. The Sociological Imagination. 1. Characteristics of Sociology. a. Study of individuals as members of a group. b. Study of systematic patterns (not randomness). c. Study of individual outcome as consequences of greater social forces. d. Study of both macro-structures and micro- level intersections. 2. How do sociologists work? See the strange in the familiar. 3. The Sociological Imagination. a. The ability of people to see individual behavior in the larger social context. b. The ability to see connect the most basic intimate aspects of an individual’s life to seemingly impersonal and remote historical forces. c. Connections between personal issues and social forces. i. C. Wright Mills (1916-1962). 1. American Sociologist. 2. First talked about the sociological imagination. 4. Why do some people get good jobs? Individual Based Sociological Hard working Networks Relevant experience Education Personalities Class Well-prepared Gender Sociology 100:001 Professor Gong August 29- September 3, 2016 5. Social Structure. a. Sociologists study social structure. i. Stable patterns of social relations. b. Levels: i. Microstructures- are patterns of intimate social relations. ii. Macrostructure- are patterns of social relations outside your circle of intimates and acquaintances. 1. Class, race, gender relations. iii. Global structures- are international organizations, worldwide travel and communication, and economic relations between countries. Global Macro Micro I. Using Sociological Imagination examples: a. Why do people drink coffee? b. Why do people Tweet/ Facebook/ Snapchat? c. Why do some people choose not to get married or not have children? d. Why do some people like small cars? 1. Sociological Theories. a) Explain social phenomena and guide research. b) Four main theories: i) Functionalism. ii) Conflict Theory. iii) Symbolic Interactionalism. iv) Feminist Theory. 2. Functionalism. a) How is society integrated? Sociology 100:001 Professor Gong August 29- September 3, 2016 i) Optimistic view. ii) Harmonious and stable world. iii) Shared values. iv) Inequality is functional. b) Proponents of Functionalism. i) Emile Durkheim. (1) “The Division of Labor in Society”. ii) Robert Merton (1910-2003). (1) Different functions: (a) Manifest functions- intended and easily observed. (b) Latent functions- unintended and less obvious. (c) Dysfunction- disruptive consequences. c) Criticism of Functionalism. i) Disregard historical process. ii) Hard to explain social changes. 3. Conflict Theory. a) How is society divided? i) Cynical view. ii) Society is not harmonious. iii) Full of instability, conflict, and inequality. iv) Inequality is not good. v) Need change, revolution, etc… vi) Class conflict is the dividing force of social change. b) Proponents of Conflict Theory. i) Karl Marx (1818-1883). (1) Concerned with social change through social conflict and revolution. ii) W.E.B Dubois (1868-1963). (1) First African American to receive doctorate. (2) Created the NAACP. (3) Concerned with racial equality. c) Max Weber’s criticism of Conflict Theory. i) Service sector workers enjoy their status. ii) Driving force of society. (1) Not just about class. (2) Also about politics and religion. iii) Max Weber (1864-1920). (1) German Sociologist.
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