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History 160 Week 1 Reading Notes

by: Sarah Notetaker

History 160 Week 1 Reading Notes 160.0

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin - Madison > History > 160.0 > History 160 Week 1 Reading Notes
Sarah Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes cover the Week 1 Reading: Hing-"The Western European New World and the New Americans"
Asian American History: Movement and Dislocation
Cheng,Cindy I
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Notetaker on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 160.0 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Cheng,Cindy I in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Asian American History: Movement and Dislocation in History at University of Wisconsin - Madison.


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Date Created: 09/04/16
Hing­ “The Western European New World and the New Americans”  ● Life in the New World for Colonists  ○ Different from Europe: independent nation  ○ Cherished ideals: individual liberty, self­government, religious tolerance, and  economic opportunity  ○ Settlement experience: divided nation  ■ Clashes between different groups  ■ 450,000 immigrants arrived in 18th century  ● State Immigration Control­immigration offered to only select groups  ○ Regulated four main groups (along with additional)  ■ 1. Criminals­ people with criminal background not allowed in country  ● British attempts to transport criminals to US concerned colonists  ■ 2. Paupers­ “likely to become a public change”  ● 1794 poor laws (Massachusetts): penalty on person who brought  paupers into country  ● 1820: security from masters who had passengers likely to be  paupers   ● 1788 poor laws: masters of vessels had to report all passengers  and return those likely to be paupers  ■ 3. Blacks­ were slaves, welcome in only some states  ● Had more stringent laws than whites  ■ 4. Religious Views  ● Virginia was intolerant of their Presbyterian brethren  ● Quakers imprisoned/punished  ● William Penn (a Quaker) crafted Charter of Privileges (first  Constitution), believed in Christianity for all  ● New York: accommodated Quakers  ● Anti­Catholicism after American Revolution  ■ 5. Unorthodox Groups­exclude would­be immigrants on basis of political  beliefs  ● Important individuals (Thomas Jefferson and Ben Franklin) spoke  out against foreign influence  ○ Federal Immigration Control  ■ 1796 Alien and Sedition Laws: enacted to respond to hostility of French  Revolutionary government and to quell political opposition (fear of foreign  influence)  ■ Naturalization Act­ Aliens must reside 14 years before citizenship  ■ Alien Friends Act­ president deports aliens who are politically dangerous  ■ Alien Enemies Act­ arrest/punishment of alien subjects to enemy power  ■ Sedition Act­treasonable actions were punishable  ● Alien Act helped Congress defend country  ■ Power of conquest: Native Americans did not stand in the way of  expansion    ■ 18th­19th century: Immigration from Europe  ● Added to wealth  ● Increased power and labor  ● 1864 Immigration Bureau Law encouraged immigration.  ● Irish and German Immigrants­some critics due to religion  Irish=Catholic  ● Order of the Star­Spangled Banner: adopted secrecy pledge  (anti­immigration): Know­Nothing Party  ● True Americanism (Schurz’s views) dominated: Pro­immigration  ○ Early Numbers  ■ German, UK, and Ireland accounted for 70% of immigrants 1820­1840  ■ Increased due to potato famine  ■ Asians first arrived on West coast  ● Chinese were first to enter  ○ Driven by rice shortage and devastation from Taiping  Rebellion  ○ 1882: Chinese Exclusion Act  ■ Immigration increased by:  ● Letters to home (encouraging others to follow)  ● Recruitment of passengers by steamship companies  ● Homestead Act (1862): western lands available to immigrants  ● Contract Labor Law (1864): advanced money for passage but  repealed in 1868  ● 1880s­1890s: Immigrants from Austria Hungary and Italy  increased   


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