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Unit 1 Notes

by: -Mathew Notetaker

Unit 1 Notes PSY3213L

-Mathew Notetaker
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This Unit was an introduction to how scientific methods are used to attain knowledge. It gave a broad overview and historical view of the evolution of Humans using Science to improve our lives.
Laboratory Methods in Psychology
Marina Klimenko
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by -Mathew Notetaker on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY3213L at University of Florida taught by Marina Klimenko in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Laboratory Methods in Psychology in Psychology at University of Florida.


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Date Created: 09/04/16
Week 1  8/29/2016: Chapter 1 Reading  We  define science as a process of inquiry that involves both systematic observations and critical  thinking Steps of the Scientific Process  Asking research questions and formulation of hypotheses,   data collection and analysis,  interpretation and dissemination of results and,   finally, peer­review and refinement of knowledgeChapter 1 Lecture: 1.1 Accumulation of Knowledge ­Human Beings are great problem solvers and unlike other species strive to preserve  and share the solutions that we find. We’re interested in the ‘What’ and ‘How’ ­Our social learning and adaptiveness is unmatched ­Prestige has also played an important role in our society. It Drives people to create and leave  their mark on the world. Symbolism: Ability to abstract physical reality into symbols, communicate with language, reflect  Important to helping us develop technology, learn from experiences. ­Oldest Technology: Oldowan Stone Tools, 2.5 Million Years Old ­Acheulean tools: 1.6 million years old, more precise than oldowan ­The ability to plan, record information, and communicate helped humans survive as  climates fluctuated strongly. Like other primates we communicate with a variety of sounds and motions and are very  vocal. But we have developed complex symbols and methods to allow us to express  diverse ideas.   Theory of Mind: Ability of Human Beings to understand one another  Human Beings have unmatched levels of communication and social behavior. As well  as prosocial and altruistic tendencies that lend themselves to the advancement of our  race.  1.2: Transition to Agriculture and the birth of great civilizations  the transition from a hunting and gathering lifestyle to settled living, use of agriculture and  domestication of animals, which is known as the Neolithic Revolution happened around 10000BC and had a massive impact in human society’s growth and development.  Transition to agriculture caused a dramatic increase in population and growth of empires, which,  in turn, led to a more rapid accumulation of knowledge and technological improvement 1.3  Critical Thinking: reflective thinking involved in the evaluation of evidence relevant to a claim so  that a sound or good conclusion can be drawn from the evidence” (Bensley, 1998).  Model of Critical Thinking: model developed by Bloom (1956). This model identifies six  hierarchical steps of learning. The basic first step is knowledge, i.e. before you can engage in  critical evaluation, you have to be familiar with the subject matter. The second step is  comprehension, understanding the subject at hand. Once you have achieved comprehension,  you can apply information as intended. The last three steps are analysis, synthesis, and  evaluation. These are the critical thinking levels, which require you to break down the information  into its various components (main idea, supporting evidence, etc.), evaluate supporting evidence,  and make a conclusion based on the merits of the presented information. Chapter 1 Lecture Defining Science: A Process of Gathering Knowledge Based on systematic observations and  critical thinking.   Research Process: o Developing Theory/Refining General Knowledge o Generating Research Questions o Formulating a Hypothesis o Observation and Analysis o Making Conclusions and Reporting Results  Human Features Leading to the Birth of Science o Accumulation and Cultural Transmission of Knowledge: Byproduct, Evolution of  Prestige. People Who have above average skills at learning or making  discoveries are highly prized. o In Hunter Gatherer Socities, best hunters have high prestige.  Ancient Greek Philosophers: From Practical to Theoretical Critical Thinking: Logic and  Evidence o Ancient Groups Introduced the Ideas of Critical Thinking, Put more trust in  rational thinking. Can’t just accept the world as it is, must learn, make assertions, support with evidence.  


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