Introduction to Human Service
Introduction to Human Service HSCO 500
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dekotah Notetaker on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HSCO 500 at Liberty University taught by Clay E. Peters, John A. Durden in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views.
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Date Created: 09/04/16
Introduction to Human Services Human Services -Definition - “The human services profession is one which promotes improved service delivery systems by addressing not only the quality of direct services, but by also seeking to improve accessibility, accountability, and coordination among professionals and agencies in service delivery.” ~ National Organization for Human Service (NOHS) -Meets social and psychological needs -For those that lack support and helps bring down barriers that prevent them from fulfilling their needs -Help people develop skills to become self-sufficient and function at their optimal levels personally and within society -Duties -Understanding nature of human systems -Understanding conditions which promote or limit optimal functioning of human system -Identifying and selecting interventions to promote growth -Planning, implementing, and evaluating interventions -Consistent behavior in selecting interventions -Process skills required to plant and implement services Theoretical Orientation -Defintion -Underlying assumption of human behavior, descriptive aspects, and perspective behaviors -Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory (Urie Bronfenbrenner 1979) Faith Community Family Employer Gender Ethnicity -4 spheres -increasing levels of intimate interaction with individual 1. Microsystem (individual and family) 2. Mesosystem/Mezzosystem (neighborhood and school) 3. Exosystem (state government) 4. Macrosystem (culture at large) -Client best understood when seen in context of their relationship with various systems - “Person-In-Environment” (PIE) -Sees individual within intra and interpersonal and family relationships and social relationships -ECO-systems Theory -No micro or macro levels -Varying levels of systems -Human Service profession must understand the transactional and reciprocal nature of these various systems -Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (Abraham Maslow 1954) -People motivated to get most basic psychological need met first before safety needs -Helps prioritize client’s more pressing needs Self-Actualization Esteem Love Safety Physiological History and Evolution of Social Welfare Policy -Feudal System (Middle Ages) -Feudalism prevailed as England’s primary manner of caring for the poor -Wealthy responsible for care and support of poor in exchange for farming their land -Racial and economic discrimination -Poor Laws of England (mid-1500s – early 1600s) -Relief at local level -Society determines who is “worthy” or “unworthy” of poverty -Elizabethan Poor Laws (1601) -Foundational in contemporary social welfare policy -Primary responsibility for provision lay with one’s family -Residency requirement to receive aid -Protestant Reformation (mid-16 century) -Human action in an attempt to secure salvation was futile since one’s eternal fate rested not upon human goodness, but solely upon God’s mysterious desire -Strong work ethic was the best possible means of attaining self-assurance -Social Darwinism (mid-19 century) -Natural Selection -Environmental competition -Only strongest and most fit would survive -Economic inequality and accumulation of wealth -Charity Organization Society (COS) (1870) -Pastor, Rev. S. Humphreys Gurteen -Philosophy = Concept of voluntary coordination -Scientific Charity - “Intelligent” giving -Charity should work with natural selection - “Friendly visitors” = case workers -Diagnose reason for poverty -Mary Richmond -Early conception of casework -House Movement (late 1800s) -Jane Addam -Relational model of poverty -Problems and disadvantage resulted from problems within society, not idleness and moral deficiency -Settlement House Movement goal -No longer distinguishing between worthy and unworthy poor -Hull House (1889) -First settlement house in Chicago -Franklin D. Roosevelt -New Deal = Minimum living as a right, not a privilege -Civil Works Administration = Temporary jobs to unemployed -Federal Emergency Relief Act = Direct aid and food to unemployed -Civilian Conservation Core (CCC) = Put thousands of young men (18-25) to work in restoration and other conservation programs -Social Security Act = old age assistance, unemployment compensation, aid to dependent mothers and children, aid to blind and disabled -Ida B. Wells -African American reformer and social activist foundational to the civil rights movement of the 1960s -Gay Rights -Members of the gay community are often victims of horrific hate crimes -The LGBTQ community has experienced recent success in response to their efforts -Arguments against same-sex marriages are often based upon religious values -Don’t Ask Don’t Tell -Allowed gays to join military as long as homosexuality was not discovered -New Contract with America -Smaller government and lower taxes -Root out fraud and increase poor’s commitment to employment and self- sufficiency -The Tea Party Movement -A social movement and a part of the Republican base -Advocates for smaller government, lower taxes, state rights and literal interpretation of constitution Election of the First African American President -2008 presidential election -First African American and female president candidates
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