POLS 2312 Week 1 Notes (Kimberly Harper)
POLS 2312 Week 1 Notes (Kimberly Harper) POLS 2312-001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samer Hijjazi on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 2312-001 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Kimberly Harper in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 100 views.
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Date Created: 09/04/16
Chapter 1: - Public policy: the rules we live with (law regulation policies) - 3 steps of public policy - 1. Identify a problem (examples: poverty, infrastructure, water, education) - Everything comes back to money (bottom line is finance) - 2. To create a solution (the difficult step) - You need to think of cost. You also need to think of actors (the other states/countries). Also need to think of factors (one thing affects so many other things). Also need to think of unintended consequences (when trying to fix one problem, another problem emerges). - 3. Implement the policy and evaluation (to see if it has the intended effect) - Texas has a traditionalistic and individualistic culture - Politics is how we settle conflict - Who gets what, when and how. This is what we fight over - Example: who should pay more taxes? Poor or rich people? - Land and People: Large and Diverse (nearly 27 million) - 85 to 88 percent of Texans live in metro areas - Latinos cover more than 40 percent of the population of Texas - African American population covers 12 percent - Texas has a really large middle eastern population - Diversity allows different industries - Texas is the 2 ndlargest state - Old land-based industries include cattle, cotton, timber (first land-based industry in the state), oil and gas, fracking (horizontal fracturing, used to pump water to release natural gas) - Texas also has energy, high tech (these jobs are very high paying. The problem is that we tend to hire people from outside the state to fill in these positions due to a poor education system for many) - Service (number one industry in the state. Low pay jobs.) - Agriculture industry (#2 state, export a lot of agricultural products) - Trade industry (NAFTA, downfalls include drugs, trafficking and violence) - A big tourist industry (to see the stadium, go to Austin) - Many challenges facing the state - 1. Immigration (many undocumented immigrants) - 2. Water (the fear of water becoming limited) - 3. Environmental challenge (very polluted) - 4. Education system (worst state for people of the age of 25) - 5. Low budget state - 6. Poverty (20 percent of Texans live in poverty) - Texas receives more tax from illegal immigrants than benefits from legal persons QUIZ ANSWERS: 1. The goal of public policy is to influence people’s behavior? a. True b. False 2. Which type of political culture has been dominant in Texas? a. Moralistic b. Traditionalistic c. Traditionalistic and Individualistic d. Moralistic and Individualistic e. Individualistic 3. What is the fastest growing ethnic population? a. Anglo b. African American c. Asian American d. Latino e. Middle Eastern American 4. The rate of population growth in Texas’s Metropolitan Statistical Areas is greater than throughout the state as a whole. a. True b. False 5. Texas landbased industries include… a. cattle b. cotton c. timber d. oil and gas e. all of the above 6. Which economic sector is currently creating the most jobs for Texans? a. service b. trade c. agriculture d. energy e. high technology 7. What is a modern concern for the state of Texas? a. immigration b. water c. environment d. education e. all of the above 8. Maquiladora plants on the Mexican side of the border are based on… a. resources b. cheap labor c. terrorism d. violence e. isolationism 9. What is the current population in the state of Texas? a. 10 million b. 15 million c. 26 million d. 59 million e. 2.5 billion 10. According to the Texas comptroller’s analysis, undocumented immigrants produce more revenue for the state than they cost in services. a. True b. False