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Chapter 2 The Structure of the Brain

by: Willow Rector

Chapter 2 The Structure of the Brain PSCH 103-02

Marketplace > College of Charleston > Psychology (PSYC) > PSCH 103-02 > Chapter 2 The Structure of the Brain
Willow Rector
C of C

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About this Document

These notes cover what will be on the first test of the semester
Intro to Psycological
Tina M. Russell-Brown
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Willow Rector on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSCH 103-02 at College of Charleston taught by Tina M. Russell-Brown in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psycological in Psychology (PSYC) at College of Charleston.

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Date Created: 09/04/16
Chapter 2: The Structures of the Brain: The Hind Brain:  Located at the base of the brain, consisting of various parts of the brain o Medulla: controls heartbeat, swallowing, and breathing o Pons: relays messages between the cerebellum and the cortex o Cerebellum: controls balance and maintains muscle coordination o Reticular formation: a system of nerves that controls arousal and attention The Limbic System:  Located under the cortex and involved in learning, emotion, memory, and motivation o Amygdala: influences motivation, emotional control, fear response, and  interpretations of nonverbal emotional expressions o Hypothalamus: regulates amount of fear, thirst, sexual drive, and aggression o Thalamus: relays information from sensory organs to the cerebral cortex o Hippocampus: plays a role in learning, memory, and ability to compare sensory  information to expectations. Specifically holds long­term memory or memory of  where objects were placed o Cingulate cortex: involved in emotional and cognitive processes The Cortex:  Wrinkled outermost covering of the brain. Its wrinkled to provide more surface area;  more information can fit inside the more surface area there is. Four Lobes of the Brain:  Both left and right hemispheres can be roughly divided into lobes  o Occipital lobes: processes visual information, then processes what is being seen o Parietal lobes: processes information for from the skin and internal body receptors for touch, temperature, and body position o Temporal lobes: processes hearing and speech o Frontal lobes: planning, personality, memory storage, complex decision makine  and language. Somatosensory and Motor Areas:  Motor on left  Somatosensory on right Association Areas of Cortex:  Broca’s area: in frontal lobe area; allows people to speak smoothly and fluently  Wernicke’s Area: in left temporal lobe; involved in understanding the meaning of words   Spatial Neglect: damage to the right parietal and occipital lobes of the cortex and ignores  everything in the left visual field; cannot see certain parts of a visual scene Split Brain Research:   Corpus callosum is severed to reduce seizures o Left visual field is on right hemisphere o Right visual field is on left hemisphere Specialization of the Two Hemispheres: Left Hemisphere Right Hemisphere Controls the right hand Controls the left hand Spoken language Nonverbal Written language Visual­spatial perception Mathematical calculations Music and artistic processing Logical though processes Emotional thought and recognition Analysis of detail Processes the whole Reading Pattern recognition Facial recognition


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