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Week 1

by: Laura Castro Lindarte
Laura Castro Lindarte
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About this Document

No notes for Monday because we went over syllabus.
Media Law
William L. Youmans
Class Notes
Media, Law




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Laura Castro Lindarte on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SMPA 2173 at George Washington University taught by William L. Youmans in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Media Law in Journalism and Mass Communications at George Washington University.

Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications


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Date Created: 09/04/16
August 30, 2016    Went over syllabus, no class notes       September 1, 2016    The Rule of Law: Law in a Changing Communication Environment (P. 1)     ● The idea of rule of law requires that ​laws are clear and easy to understand/implement in  a way that is fair   ○ Problem is that most laws are created by disagreeing people so it is not clear   ○ Courts have to make them work under rule of law   ● Starid dicisus: courts look at what was ruled in past and do the same thing  (PRECEDENT)   ● Due process: following legal procedures​ o provide fairness   ● Jurisdiction: the authority to hear specific legal ma​ based on geography or topics)   ● Supreme Court has ​original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction  ○  ​Defined by Constitution   ○ Jurisdiction of other courts decided by Congress   ○ Original jurisdiction = hear case first; appellate = review lower courts’ cases  ● Court system divided into state and federal:        ● Trial court = cases brought here first; appellate courts = look at decision of lower court   ○ Moves up and ends up in supreme court (state and national)   ○ Federal and state system has both types   ● Forum shopping: parties looking for districts that are FAVORABLE   ● Trial courts are important becau​ vidence begins/is gathered here   ● Trial → Jury; appeal → panel judge​ usually 3 judges panel but sometimes more)   ○ En banc: all appeal judges are brought in   ● The court system is evidence o​ upremacy clause   ○ Lately state have lost a little of power because federal administrative agencies  got more power   ● Trial court parties:   ○ Judge: ​runs cour​ ives information to jury, give punishment, set up time/day,  controls what is happening  ■ Can be nominated or elected   a. Elected judges are seen as political, nominated judges are seen  as not responsive to public opinion    ○ Lawyer: ​write brief and oral presentation   ○ Parties or defendant in criminal ​ oth parties get to advocate their sides   ○ Jury: ​decides which party made more convincing case   ○ Evidence: ​what both parties present   ○ Witnesses: ​individuals parties bring to testify on what happened   ○ Cross­examination: ​lawyer of one side questioning witnesses of other sides   ● Appellate Court: 13 circuit courts in federal level   ○ More on procedure of other trial   ○ Decision in one appeal does not bind other appeal court but yes on lower court   ○ Judge: ​ an overturn decision of lower court   ○ Lawyer: ​ ring in brief of why overturn or not   ○ Brief: ​written by lawyer   ○ Trial records: ​all evidence and information from lower court trial   ○ NO JURY, EVIDENCE, WITNESSES, CROSS­EXAMINATION   ● U.S. Supreme Court:   ○ Highest court, ​9 justices   ○ Can’t hear ALL cases so a ​writ of certiorari (request) is turned in   ■ 4 of 9 must agree to hear case   ○ Parties turn in briefs presenting facts of trial with ​NO NEW FACTS ADDED   ■ Decision takes months  ○ Per curiam opinion: UNSIGNED o​ pinion b​ HOLE ​court   ○ Memorandum Order: ​decision with​ O OPINION   ○ Concurring Opinion: ​separate opinion by justice​ GREES BUT FOR  DIFFERENT REASONS   ○ Dissenting Opinion​ eparate opinion by justice w​ ISAGREES   ○ Can send back to lower court throug​ emand   ○ One chief justice, all nominated by president and approved by senate   ● Judicial review: Supreme Court interpret the Constitution to see if law is okay   ○ Began after Marbury v. Madison in 1803   ○ Originalists: ​want to figure out ​what writers wanted exactly   ○ Textualists: ​look only at ​what is written   ○ Activists: ​look through ide​ onstitution needing to change to fit what is  occurring NOW   ○ Originalists looking at 18th century while activists look at 21st century   ● Constitutions list power of government   ○ If not in federal Constitution will go to states  ○ Statutes: written law by ruling body that follows Constitution   ● Equity law: judge­based law   ○ BASED ON FAIRNESS   ○ When law in not clear   ● The ban of New York Times and Washington Post from publishing during Pentagon  Paper is equity law   ● Common law: rules/customs made by PRECEDENT   ○ Through stare decisis   ○ Seen at courts of similar levels   ○ Will use English common law at times   ○ Subject to change   ● Administrative law: executive branch administrative agencies’ rules   ○ FCC → oversees interstate communication technology   ○ Can have quazi­court systems   ● Executive orders: order from government executive​ president, governor or mayor)   ○ Recently has limited media access to military, excluded public from meetings of  groups advising in energy and limited access to presidential records           


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