British Lit 2 - Romantic Era, Smith, & Blake
British Lit 2 - Romantic Era, Smith, & Blake EH 204
Jacksonville State University
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kimberly Burke on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EH 204 at Jacksonville State University taught by Dr. Gray in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Survey of English Literature 2 in English at Jacksonville State University.
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Date Created: 09/04/16
British Lit 2 – Romantic Era • Romanticstoets o 1 generation: Wordsworth, Coleridge, & Blake o 2 generation: Lord Byron, Shelley, Keats o subjective, philosophers • Key themes o Nature – treat it like a religion § Really specific descriptions of places – feelings in moments § Mostly optimistic/benevolent § Sublime – exalted; ex) Niagara vs. streams, new level of thought § Nature connects to concepts larger than life § Human – Nature (Indians, Noble Savage) & Unnatural/civilized (non- Indians) o Industrial Revolutionst § England – 1 to revolutionize & others followed, world power, expanding § Mass production, migration, railroads, ships o Democracy – supported by poets o More prose – chivalry, quest o Escapism – larger than life, focus on imagination o Innocence – child of childlike o Natural, authentic, closer to nature o How do you experience something? o Where does your imagination take you? • Setting – specific places in nature • Time Period o Novels – gothic novels are popular o Jane Austen • Wordsworth & Coleridge – wrote like real people talking to real people o Relatable topics & language, authentic o Seem to idealize rural areas & working people/commoners § Wordsworth & Coleridge both • Wrote lyrical ballads = lyric + ballad o Ballad – more of a story, make outlandish story believable & relatable through story within the story o Lyric – emotional, rhyming • Were interested & influenced by philosophers o Coleridge – specifically interested in German philosophers • “We Are Seven” – Wordsstrth o lyric poetry – 1 person, short lines, rhyme o dialogue – amusing the girl but the man is clueless o authentic humans – “rustic,” “woodland” o born of nature, return to nature/Heaven’s ideals o poet within the poem Charlotte Smith • Sonnet – 14 lines, English & Italian forms o 4 4 4 2 - lines per stanza o Iambic pentameter – 10 stressed & unstressed syllables, § Blank verse – unrhymed iambic pentameter § Shorter lines – seems less serious, faster to read o The meaning is built into the form • Lyric poems • “To Sleep” o Other people sleep well, annoyed that she can’t o Sleep is not an easy cure for the suffering o Tormented speaker, deeper in her feelings • “To Night” o reference to harmful aspects of nature o good in the bad o complication of life • “Written at the Close of Spring” o looking back on the beauty, never exactly the same o connects to “The Sea View” o symbolic flowers § violets – common o elegy of her happiness William Blake • “The Book of Thel” o allegorical o asks part of nature about life o Thel is invited of a trip to the underworld o Epic poem
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