Ch. 1 Notes
Ch. 1 Notes PSY 1013
Popular in General Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by justin_1522 on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 1013 at Mississippi State University taught by Ashley Coleman in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 09/04/16
Introduction to Psychological Science Ch. 1 The Scientific Method Psychology is the scientific study of behavior, including perceptions, thoughts, and emotions A hypothesis is a testable prediction that can be observed and measured. It can be falsified. All theories are not equally plausible. What Influences Behavior? Biopsychological Model Biological: genes, brain anatomy and function, and evolution Psychological:behavior, perception, thought, and experience Sociocultural: interpersonal relationship, families, groups, societies, and ethnicities Origin of Psychology Empiricism A philosophical tenet that knowledge comes through experience Determinism the belief that all events are governed by lawful, causeandeffect relationships Zeitgeist A general set of beliefs of a particular culture at a specific time in history Materialism the belief that humans, and other living beings, are composed exclusively of physical matter Origins of Psychology Gustav Fechner sensation and perception Charles Darwin: Evolutionary Theory Medicine Clinical Psychology, Brain Injuries, Hypnosis( Franz and Mesmer) Psychoanalysis (Sigmund Freud) Social Sciences economics, sociology, and anthropology Sociocultural Perspectives Norman Triplett conducted one of the 1st formal experiments on social influences Kurt Lewin Founded modern social psychology; found that behavior is a fucntion of the individual and the environment Professions in Psychology Research Psychologists typically work at universities, in corporations, in the military, and in government agencies Applied Psychology uses psychological knowledge to address problems and issues across various settings and professions Academic Psychologists work at colleges and universities, and combine teaching with conducting research Psychological Health Forensic Psychologyemphasizes work in the criminal justice system School Psychology involves work with students with special needs, such as emotional, social, or academic problems Health Psychology the study of how individual,biological, and environmental factors affect physical health. (behavioral medicine) Corporate Psychology Industrial and Organizational Psychology psychologists work for businesses and other organizations to improve employee productivity and organization of the business Human Factor Psychology the study of how people interact with tools, physical spaces or products
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