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Phil 1002, Unit 1: Introduction

by: sophia_hella

Phil 1002, Unit 1: Introduction Phil 1002

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Background concepts
Intro: God, Faith & Reason
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by sophia_hella on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Phil 1002 at University of Utah taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 53 views.


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Date Created: 09/04/16
Tuesday, August 30, 2016 Unit 1: Introduction (**= unfinished) Background Concepts • Philosophical vs. ReligiousApproaches 
 Philosophical approaches generate conclusions primarily on the basis of natural reasoning. Religious (and theological) approaches also use natural reason, but they generate conclusions primarily on the basis of sacred texts/scriptures 
 • Natural vs. Special Revelation 
 Contrast two ways that a God might be revealed: 1. Natural revelation refers to how God is thought to be revealed naturally via the natural world that God created. 2. Special revelation refers to the way God is thought to be revealed supernaturally via miraculous interventions in nature - intervening to inspire holy scriptures, or for spiritual communication with people, etc. 
 • Three Basic Belief Stances 1. Belief - affirming that God exists. 2. Atheism is disbelief that God exists. 3. Agnosticism is a suspension of belief about whether God exists. 
 • Versions of Theism (belief in God - a supreme being) -Polytheism:multipleGods MonoTheism: a single creator God Religious Theism: allows special revelation 1 Tuesday, August 30, 2016 -Deism: rejects special revelation 
 • God doesn’t care about morality (Dawkins says this is a version of theism he thinks is at least conceivable) 
 • God does care about morality (Jefferson and Franklin are deists of this second sort) - Pantheism: the universe itself is God • Central PerfectionistAttributes of God
 Aposteriori approaches: 
 Typical way-in: We exist 
 Three main omni-perfections in the perfectionist conception of God 
 Omnipotence - God is all-powerful 
 Omniscience - God is all-knowing 
 Omnibenevolence - God is all-good 
 Aseity is the property whereby a being contains the complete explanation of its own existence- rather than its existence deriving from something else, or in any way being explained or caused by something else. Philosophical Knowledge 
 • Three of the Main Types of “Knowledge” 
 1. Knowledge by acquaintance - knowing-whom
 2. Skill knowledge - knowing how
 3. Propositional knowledge - knowing that
 Propositional Knowledge on the JTB account 
 1. Propositional knowledge is knowledge of the truth of propositions: it is contrasted with acquaintance and skill knowledge. 
 Main Sources of Evidence to Support Beliefs: 
 1. Sense experience (Primary evidential sources)
 2. Reasoning/arguments 
 3.Authority (Derivative evidential sources)
 4. Intuition 
 5. Revelation
 6. Faith 2 Tuesday, August 30, 2016 • Faith vs. Reason 
 Two Main Notions of Faith 
 1. Belief that is not based on proof.
 2.Asystem of religious beliefs. 
 “Reasonable” vs. “Unreasonable” vs. “Blind” Faith
 1. Faith is reasonable when it extends to beliefs/actions that have independent supporting evidence. 


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