US History Notes
US History Notes History 107
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Notetaker on Sunday September 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 107 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by David Schroeder in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see US History I Honors in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/04/16
Navigation Acts 09/01/2016 ▯ A. Navigation Acts (1651-1696) Series of laws that regulated trade between colonies and England “zero sum” when the earth was created there was a finite amount of wealth in the world and people find it and then it’s done o If England is getting rich then somewhere else is getting poor Mercantilism was based on zero sum theory They had to send goods on English ships Crews had to be ¾ English Enumerated items- items that the English wanted o These had to be sent to England first o ***Look up taxes for inside and outside the colonies Cut tax if they want the colonies to produce more A. Virginia colony was growing and began encroaching on native American lands Led to fighting- King Phillips War ▯ B. Nathaniel Bacon moved to Virginia and farmed tobacco Native Americans and colonists began to kill for revenge and in retaliation o Nathaniel Bacon’s overseer was killed in this mess Nathaniel Bacon asked permission to raise an army and attack tribes o Mayor said no Consistent trade between colonies and tribes o Did agree to build stockades to colonists to defend themselves in case of attack o Bacon raised an army anyway People joining were those who had bad land, indentured servants, slaves, etc… Bacon’s Rebellion o These people turn around and attack the colony o Attack the wealthy- people they see responsible for their lack of success Bacon catches swamp fever and dies and with him dies the rebellion ▯ C. England purchased land from the tribes leading to Appalachian Mts. Relieves some of the stresses poor people were facing Needs to be cheap land available so that poor whites can acquire the land Became a desire to stop slavery’s expansion o Becomes economically unprofitable ▯ ▯ A. James I Divine Right: God Given right to rule Parliament is trumped by divine right o Monarchs- run in family Translated the bible to English ▯ B. Charles I James I’s son By 1830s he begins to assert divine right Routinely dismisses parliament ▯ C. English Civil War (1642) Power of Monarch vs. Power of Parliament 1649- Charles is captured and beheaded and parliamentary forces take London Ends monarchy for a while 11 yrs ▯ D. Charles II Catholic Granted Virginia ▯ E. James II Granted NY and NJ Decided to rule by divine right Creates dominion of New England o Merges everything from New Jersey to New Hampshire to create one colony and takes away their colonial assembly Parliament has to step in o Not with a war o Invite the Dutch King to invade William/Mary (Mary is James’ sister) ▯ F. Rights and Petition Before William and Mary are put on the throne William and Mary have to acknowledge parliament and may not address divine right Colonies run off the gov of New England and colonies go back to the way they were ▯ G. Social Contract Led primarily by John Locke- 2 ndTreatise on Govt Thomas Hobbes- Leviathan State of Nature of human being is complete and utter freedom Neutral Judge o Protect your rights Life, Liberty, and Property o Settle disputes “fairly” o Right to revolt if your rights are taken away o ▯ British + ? vs. French + Spanish ▯ A. War of the Spanish Succession Spanish Monarch dies without an heir and Europe goes to war to decide Wanted to establish GA as English territory English acquire Asiento- slave trade Spike of slaves in colonies British side always wins ▯ B. King George’s War (1744-48) Aka war of Austrian Succession Colonists begin to start questioning what GB is doing ▯ C. French and Indian War (1754-63) Aka seven years war Starts over disputed land claims Ohio Company Ft. Duquesne Ft. Necessity o British surrender o Told to return to VA and say French presence is too strong o Instead write about how beautiful the land is and it must be colonized On the way to getting land, colonists attacked by Indian tribes Start of F&I war Surrounded by enemies Defeat French o Cut off indian weapon supply ▯ D. Strong British Empire Turns out theyre in debt No more wars for colonies ▯
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